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  • 1
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  121. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie; 20040427-20040430; Berlin; DOC04dgch1062 /20041007/
    Publication Date: 2004-10-07
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA) und des Arbeitskreises zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ); 20170920-20170923; Münster; DOC347 /20171124/
    Publication Date: 2017-11-24
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA) und des Arbeitskreises zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ); 20170920-20170923; Münster; DOC012 /20171124/
    Publication Date: 2017-11-24
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Genomics 14 (1992), S. 825-826 
    ISSN: 0888-7543
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Genomics 14 (1992), S. 825-826 
    ISSN: 0888-7543
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Amsterdam : Elsevier
    Genomics 11 (1991), S. 476-477 
    ISSN: 0888-7543
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary At present soluble NADP-dependent dehydrogenases are histochemically demonstrated in three different ways: according to the standard method incubation in aqueous media leads to the precipitation of formazan, the formation of which depends entirely on the presence of endogeneous NADPH2-tetrazolium reductases. With the two more recently established methods these reductases are by-passed with the use of intermediate electron acceptors incorporated in the medium. In addition, enzyme diffusion is inhibited either by an increased viscosity of the medium (PVA) or by a semipermeable membrane separating the medium from the section. Depending on the technique applied different distribution patterns have been described. By altering the concentrations of substrates, coenzyme, tetrazolium salt and cytochrome oxidase inhibitor, it was possible to improve both the PVA and membrane methods. Although similar results were obtained, because of its advantages the PVA method is recommended in this report and a detailed description is given. Using the latter for the demonstration of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH), malic enzyme (ME) and isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH), characteristic distribution patterns were obtained in the liver parenchyma of male and female rats. For the first time a high G6PDH activity could be demonstrated in nonparenchymal cells which are mainly found in zone 1 of the liver acinus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Histochemistry and cell biology 60 (1979), S. 43-52 
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Qualitative histochemical G6PDH distribution patterns obtained in the liver acinus of adult male and female rats with an improved method (Rieder et al., 1978) served as a basis for the isolation by microdissection of tissue samples of defined zonal affiliation. G6PDH activity was assayed quantitatively in tissue samples of zones 1 and 3 by a microfluorometric method, using the oil well technique and enzymatic cycling (Burch et al., 1963; Lowry and Passonneau, 1972). With the use of a correlation system further evidence could be presented for the validity of the recently described qualitative distribution patterns. From a total of 50 analyzed tissue samples the following G6PDH activities were calculated: 4.25±1.56 U/g dry weight in zone 1 and 2.08±0.46 U/g dry weight in zone 3 of male and 7.21±1.03 U/g dry weight in zone 1 and 11.10±2.56 U/g dry weight in zone 3 of female rats. These data were corrected for interference from the G6PDH activity of the Kupffer cells within zone 1 samples (approximately 80 U/g dry weight), so that the actual relative values for the parenchymal activity could be estimated for the first time: 2 U/g dry weight in zones 1 and 3 of male animals, 5 U/g dry weight in zone 1 and 11 U/g dry weight in zone 3 of female animals. In female livers G6PDH activity in zone 1 is therefore 2.5 times higher, and in zone 3 5 times higher than in the male. These zonal as well as sex-differences are clearly indicative of a heterogeneous functional organization of the liver acinus in terms of capacity for NADPH production, mainly in connection with reductive reactions in fatty acid synthesis.
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Histochemistry and cell biology 72 (1981), S. 579-615 
    ISSN: 1432-119X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary The activities of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGDH), malic enzyme (ME) and isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) were investigated with optimized histochemical methods (Rieder et al. 1978), and the activity of 3-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (3HBDH) and neutral fat content with conventional techniques in the liver of male rats under the following experimental dietary conditions: (A) Fasting for 0, 12 and 84 h; (B) 84-h fasting followed by refeeding with a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet for 6 h and for 2, 3, 5, 7, 11 and 14 nights; (C) refeeding with standard diet for 5 nights; (D) low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet for 7 and 14 nights. The activities of G6PDH, 6PGDH and ME decreased slightly during fasting primarily in zone 1 and increased dramatically on refeeding with a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet. This activity increase was confined mainly to zone 3 during the first 3 days and was accompanied by a deposition of neutral fats that began in zone 3 and progressed to zone 1. Neutral fat accumulation was maximal after 3 nights, with a uniform accumulation of large droplets in all the hepatocytes; this was followed by a release that started in zone 3 and proceeded in a periportal direction. On the other hand, G6PDH, 6PGDH and ME attained their maximum activities after 5 and 7 nights of the low-fat diet, the activities being nearly homogeneously distributed over the liver acinus in a few cases. Subsequently the activities fell mainly in zone 1, causing the activity patterns and levels to approach those of the animals in group (D). In contrast to this, the activity of ICDH increased during fasting principally in zone 1, so that the otherwise steep activity gradient in favor of zone 3 lessened. Refeeding led at first to a fall of activity below the initial value, but later the normal distribution pattern was restored. The activity of 3HBDH showed a behavior similar to that of ICDH. The findings are discussed with reference to the functional heterogeneity of the liver perenchyma, and the existence of a liponeogenic area in zone 3 is proposed.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: netilmicin ; aminoglycoside antibiotics ; nephrotoxicity ; pharmacokinetics ; multiple dose ; i.m. route ; individual variability ; absorption
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Intra- and interindividual variability in the serum kinetics and renal elimination of netilmicin was investigated in a controlled study in 6 healthy, male volunteers. The antibiotic was administered on 2 single days, separated by a 3 week interval. Netilmicin 2 mg/kg lean body mass was given i.m. twice (b.i.d.) and three times (t.i.d.) in a crossover design. 54 blood and 28 urine samples per volunteer were analysed by a radio-enzymatic assay. 24 h serum kinetics were best described by a two compartment open model with time-dependent serum clearance. The latter decreased intraindividually on both study days, from a mean of 82 to 68 ml/min (p〈0.05). A similar decrease was observed in the 12 h creatinine clearance. Because drug administration started in the morning, this finding reflects the physiological circadian rhythm in the glomerular filtration rate. The corresponding half-lives of netilmicin rose from 149 to 171 min. Striking intraindividual variation in absorption half-life was observed in all volunteers, ranging from less than 4 to more than 30 min. Comparison of the pharmacokinetic parameters derived from data of the first and second study, revealed a significant intraindividual reduction in the volume of distribution (mean decrease 13%) and in the serum clearance of netilmicin (−8%). Analysis of the serum data of the b.i.d. and t.i.d. dosing schedules showed no difference in the pharmacokinetic parameters; there was significantly higher urinary recovery with the t.i.d. (+9%) than with the b.i.d. schedules. After both days, the 24 h creatinine clearance decreased significantly, by more than 10%. A slight nephrotoxic effect, induced by a therapy for one day with netilmicin, can be deduced from these data.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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