Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The presence of heterogeneous RNA of high molecular weight has been demonstrated on the giant chromosomes, in the nuclear sap and in the cytoplasm of the salivary glands in Chironomus tentans. The kinetic properties of this heterogeneous RNA have also been outlined in some detail. — Salivary glands were incubated for different time intervals (20, 45 and 180 min) in haemolymph, supplemented with tritiated cytidine and uridine. The different cellular components were isolated by micromanipulation and RNA extracted with an SDS-pronase solution and analysed with electrophoresis in agarose. — Heterogeneous, high molecular weight RNA with a peak around 35 S was saturated with label on chromosome I, II and III in 45 min, although the synthetic capacity was unchanged during at least 180 min incubation. This indicated a complete turnover of heterogeneous RNA on the chromosomes in less than 45 min. The turnover time in the giant puffs (the so called Balbiani rings) on the fourth chromosome, was even shorter and estimated to less than 30 min. No shift in the electrophoretic pattern of this heterogeneous RNA was found to occur on the chromosomes during long incubation times or during actinomycin D experiments. These labelling characteristics of heterogeneous RNA on the chromosomes indicate that all the different molecules in the heterogeneous RNA have a similar and rapid turnover. A conversion to smaller, stable molecules was excluded. — Heterogeneous RNA of a distribution corresponding to that on the chromosomes was found in the nuclear sap and also in the cytoplasm. The activity in both these cellular compartments increased between 45 and 180 min incubation. The distribution pattern for high molecular weight RNA was in all experiments similar on the chromosomes, in the nuclear sap and in the cytoplasm. It appears that at least a considerable part of the high molecular weight RNA leaves the chromosomes to enter the nuclear sap and lateron to some extent the cytoplasm in this high molecular form. Stable molecules of smaller size (6–15 S) did not appear during 180 min incubation. The data indicate, however, also a substantial breakdown of heterogeneous RNA to acid soluble products during this time.
Type of Medium: