Key words: Tiludronate — Postmenopausal osteoporosis — Urinary CrossLaps — Osteocalcin — Bone mineral density —Spinal fracture — Osteoporosis.
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract. A group of 366 healthy, white postmenopausal women, aged 50–81 years, mean age 66 years, were selected from the screened population of Scandinavians who were part of a multicenter study of the efficacy of tiludronate, a new bisphosphonate, in established postmenopausal osteoporosis. Eighty-eight women had a lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) above 0.860 g/cm2, and 278 women had a BMD below 0.860 g/cm2. Spinal fracture was diagnosed from lateral spine X-ray studies and defined as at least 20% height reduction (wedge, compression, or endplate fracture) in at least one vertebra (T4–L4). Bone resorption was assessed by measurement of the urinary excretion of type I collagen degradation products by the CrossLaps™ enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA). Bone formation was assessed by ELISA measurement of the N-terminal-mid-fragment as well as the intact serum osteocalcin (OCN-MID), thus omitting the influence of the instability of osteocalcin caused by the labile 6 amino acid C-terminal sequence. The women were divided into groups with high or low bone turnover according to the concentrations of urinary CrossLaps™ or OCN-MID. Women in the quartiles with the highest concentrations of CrossLaps [519 ± 119 μg/mmol (SD)] or OCN-MID [44.6 ± 7.5 ng/ml (SD)] had 10–16% lower spinal BMD compared with women in the lowest quartiles (CrossLaps 170 ± 48 μg/mmol (SD), and OCN-MID [22.1 ± 3.0 ng/ml (SD)] (P 〈 0.0004). The prevalences of spinal fracture were 25 to 29% in the lowest quartiles, whereas the prevalences in the highest quartiles were almost double—53–54% (P 〈 0.006). If the women were subgrouped according to spinal BMD and prevalence of spinal fracture, corresponding results were found. Women with a BMD less than 0.860 g/cm2, without or with spinal fracture (n = 136 and n = 142), had 36–43% higher concentration of CrossLaps (P= 0.0001) and 11–15% higher concentration of OCN-MID (P 〈 0.02), as compared with women with a BMD above 0.860 g/cm2 and no spinal fracture (n = 84). In conclusion, the results indicate a strong association among high bone turnover, low bone mass, and prevalence of spinal fracture, which supports the theory that high bone turnover is a risk factor for spinal fracture and osteoporosis.
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