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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-7446
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract This paper discusses the use of resorcylic acid lactone as an anabolic agent in cattle. When given to finishing steers it increases daily gain by 10–18% and final carcass weight by 6–10 kg. When given to finishing steers in conjunction with trenbolone acetate, there is an additive response in terms of growth rate and carcass weight. The final carcass weights were 310±2.1, 319±2.0, 316±2.0 and 328±2.0 for unimplanted steers, or steers implanted with resorcylic acid lactone or trenbolone acetate or a combination of both compounds respectively. Responses in finishing steers in spring at pasture were similar to responses obtained in winter. In male calves, average liveweights at the end of a 134-day experimental period were 123, 142 and 140 kg (SE ± 5.4 kg) respectively for control calves or calves given resorcylic acid lactone or a combination of resorcylic acid lactone and trenbolone acetate. After a further 134 days grazing together these calves weighed 271, 294 and 297 kg (SE ± 7.9 kg) respectively, indicating that the extra gain was retained once the implants ceased to be effective. No significant effect on daily gain or carcass weight of heifers was obtained in our trials with resorcylic acid lactone. Results from feed efficiency trial indicated resorcylic acid lactone significantly increased feed efficiency. Therefore, resorcylic acid is an effective growth promoter in male castrate cattle.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: Sperm ; Aster ; Bovine ; Centrosome ; Polyspermy ; Adrogenote ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Chromatin and microtubule configurations during the first cell cycle of bovine zygotes were analyzed by DNA staining and microtubule immunolocalization using an IVM/IVF system and oocytes matured and fertilized in vivo, in order to investigate the origin of the active centrosome and to characterize the nuclear and the cytoplasmic changes following bovine fertilization. Our results suggest that the paternal centrosome is active during early zygotic development, forming a conspicuous sperm aster soon after fertilization. We also report that polyspermy in bovine eggs, leads to the formation of numerous sperm asters with different degrees of association with the chromatin. The maternal structures in both monospermic and polyspermic zygotes can be lost or degenerate. Consequently, these cells may resume the first cell cycle as androgenotes, very often with several types of mitotic activity taking place in different regions of the cell cytoplasm at the same time. As indicated by a comparison of monospermic and polyspermic fertilization rates to rates of development, it is possible that some androgenetic embryos cleave and develop to the blastocyst stage. © 1993 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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