Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The specific activity of glutamine synthetase (GS) in mouse brain was 2-fold higher in the olfactory bulbs than in other regions. After birth, the specific activity of GS increased more rapidly in medulla oblongata and in olfactory bulbs, than in cerebral and cerebellar cortex. The activity of GS in primary cultures of brain hemispheres increased more slowly than in homogenates of whole brains. However, when astroblasts were treated in vitro with glucocorticoids or mouse brain extracts, GS activity reached 4 times the level measured in the homogenate of an adult mouse brain. We conclude that levels of GS activity may relate to the maturation of astrocytes, and propose that GS may be used as a marker of astrocytic maturation.
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