Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Given the high resistance of the cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK8) to in vivo peptidase degradation, the possible existence of a reuptake system for this peptide was investigated. Efficient accumulation of intact, tritiated propionyl CCK8 ([3H]pCC8) was observed following its incubation with rat cortical synaptosomes but not with cerebellar synaptosomes, where no cholecystokinin immunoreactivity was found. This uptake process appeared to be dependent on temperature, duration of incubation, concentration of radioligand, the presence of glucose and the integrity of the synaptosomes. A Lineweaver-Bürk analysis indicated that the putative uptake process is characterized by a single Km value of 10.7 nM and a Vmax of 8.5 fmol/min/mg of protein. Carbonyl cyanide-m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, blocked accumulation of [3H]pCCK8, whereas ouabain did not. The uptake was found to be highly specific since, among all the cholecystokinin analogues tested, only CCb and, to a lesser extent, CCK7, were able to inhibit [3H]pCCK8 uptake. The rate of [3H]pCCK8, uptake was not affected by CCK4, CCK5, D-Trp CCK8, BC 264, a potent and selective CCK-B agonist, and L-365,260, a selective CCK-B antagonist. In addition, no accumulation of radioactivity was observed using [3H]pBC 264, a result which is not in favour of a cholecystokinin receptor-induced internalization mechanism. The potent and selective uptake mechanism characterized in this study could participate, in conjunction with extra and intracellular degradation of CCK8 by peptidases, in the interruption of cholecystokinin-conveyed messages in the brain.
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