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  • 1
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Glutamate release in ischaemia triggers neuronal death. The major glial glutamate transporter, GLT-1, might protect against glutamate-evoked death by removing extracellular glutamate, or contribute to death by reversing and releasing glutamate. Previous studies of the role of GLT-1 in ischaemia have often used the GLT-1 blocker dihydrokainate at concentrations that affect transporters other than GLT-1 and which affect kainate, N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors. In hippocampal slices from postnatal day 14 mice lacking GLT-1, the current response of area CA1 pyramidal cells to superfused AMPA and NMDA (which are not taken up) was unaffected, whereas the response to 100 µm glutamate was more than doubled relative to that in wild-type littermates, a finding consistent with a decrease in glutamate uptake. In response to a few minutes of simulated ischaemia, pyramidal cells in wild-type mice showed a large and sudden inward glutamate-evoked current [the anoxic depolarization (AD) current], which declined to a less inward plateau. In mice lacking GLT-1, the time to the occurrence of the AD current, its amplitude, the size of the subsequent plateau current and the block of the plateau current by glutamate receptor blockers were all indistinguishable from those in wild-type mice. We conclude that GLT-1 does not contribute significantly to glutamate release or glutamate removal from the extracellular space in early simulated ischaemia. These data are consistent with glutamate release being by reversal of neuronal transporters, and with uptake into glia being compromised by the ischaemia-evoked fall in the level of ATP needed to convert glutamate into glutamine.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Macmillian Magazines Ltd.
    Nature 403 (2000), S. 316-321 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] The release of glutamate during brain anoxia or ischaemia triggers the death of neurons, causing mental or physical handicap. The mechanism of glutamate release is controversial, however. Four release mechanisms have been postulated: vesicular release dependent on external calcium or ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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