Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
Collection
Years
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-069X
    Keywords: Keys words Human skin ; Nude mouse ; Wound healing
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract It has been established that human skin grafted onto the nude mouse is able to regenerate after being subjected to a full-thickness wound. In the present work, we sought to determine the cells involved in the connective tissue repair process following superficial wounding. Two months after transplantation, superficial wounds were made at the center of the graft using mechanical dermabrasion. At various times thereafter, ranging from 2 days to 6 weeks, healing grafts were harvested and processed for immunohistological study with species-specific and cross-reacting antibodies directed against human or mouse antigens. The grafted human skin regenerated according to the following series of events. First, the human dermis underneath the scab became devoid of human fibroblasts while the surrounding human dermis preserved its own characteristics. The TUNEL reaction on early-phase healing wounds indicated that apoptosis occurred steadily within this area and could be the mechanism by which cells disappeared. Moreover, cell death was reduced when the wound was covered with an occlusive dressing. The human dermis beneath the wound was then invaded by mouse cells which deposited type I collagen on the human extracellular matrix and produced mouse granulation tissue at the surface above it. Human keratinocytes migrated over the mouse granulation tissue to reconstruct the epidermis. Eventually, the mouse granulation tissue was progressively invaded by human fibroblasts, which formed a human neodermis. The overall process appeared to depend upon several successive epithelial-mesenchymal interactions, which were not species-specific. This suggests that myofibroblasts arise from a specific subpopulation of fibroblasts, probably located at the interface between the dermis and adipose tissue, and that the granulation tissue is eventually remodeled by another population of fibroblasts present in the human dermis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background  For ethical and technical reasons, the in vivo biological effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation on skin are difficult to study in human volunteers. The use of human skin grafted on to nude mice may circumvent this difficulty.Objectives  To investigate the effects of a single moderate UVB exposure on human skin grafted on to nude mice.Methods  Modifications of epidermal differentiation markers and patterns of keratin expression were assessed from 24 h to 14 days after a physiological UVB irradiation characterized by the induction of sunburn cells.Results  During the first 48 h postexposure, involucrin, loricrin, transglutaminase type I, filaggrin and keratin K2e expression were altered together with the formation of abnormal horny layers. Constitutive keratin K14 was increased while keratin K10 expression was delayed. Newly synthesized keratins K6, K16, K17 and K19 were induced in parallel with an increase in the epidermal proliferation rate. A progressive normalization of both keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation took place during the following days, reaching completion within 2 weeks.Conclusions  Exposure of human skin to a UVB dose corresponding to a mild sunburn reaction induces epidermal hyperproliferation and alterations of several constitutive differentiation markers, as well as a drastic modification in the pattern of epidermal keratins. Although these modifications were shown to be progressively reversed in a single exposure model, the data also suggest that subsequent UV exposures occurring during the recovery period may lead to potentially deleterious long-term consequences, such as photoageing and photocarcinogenesis. Grafted human skin appeared to be an attractive and promising model for investigating the biological consequences of UVB radiation in vivo.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...