Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary Three electrophoretic variants of superoxide dismutase can be detected in bovine erythrocytes by gel electrophoresis and electrofocusing. The two major forms, having isoelectric points at pH 5.2 and 4.9, were isolated by preparative focusing or chromatography. No differences were found in molecular weight, metal content, antigenicity, electron spin resonance spectrum, visible and ultraviolet optical spectra. In contrast, holo- and apo-superoxide dismutase, which have an electrophoretic mobility similar to that of the two major forms, showed unresolved isoelectric points but significantly different antigenicity. This result suggests that their different electrophoretic mobility is mainly conformation-related. The variant with pl 5.2, corresponding to the protein purified by ordinary procedures, was found to be inactivated by heat treatment faster than the other form. The latter one, on the other hand, gave rise to a multiple pattern of electrophoretic bands after incubation at 75 °C. It is suggested that superoxide dismutase multiplicity in erythrocytes is not genetically determined, but may be related to segregation of subunits, made non-identically by post translational asymmetrical modification.
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