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  • 1
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate low-dose contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) at high temporal and spatial resolution for imaging of abdominal vascular structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (TWIST [time-resolved angiography with interleaved stochastic trajectories]) was performed in 8 male New Zealand white rabbits at 3 T using a prototype 32-channel coil. Gadoteridol (Gd-HP-DO3A, ProHance; Bracco Imaging SpA, Milan, Italy) and the high-relaxivity agent gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA, MultiHance; Bracco Imaging SpA), each at a dose of 0.04 mmol/kg body weight, were used in an intraindividual comparison. Quantitative analysis of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was performed in regions of interest placed in the aorta and the adjacent tissues. The image quality in the aorta, external iliac artery, and vena cava was categorized by 2 independent blinded readers from excellent (1) to poor (3). RESULTS: A significantly (P 〈 0.001) higher CNR was obtained with gadobenate dimeglumine. The improved CNR led to a better delineation of the external iliac arteries. Qualitative rating showed the image quality to be excellent for gadobenate dimeglumine and adequate for gadoteridol. CONCLUSIONS: Time-resolved CE-MRA performed at 3 T with a 32-channel volume coil can be improved using the high-relaxivity agent gadobenate dimeglumine, which increases quality and quantity of vessel enhancement.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 20861769
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-1084
    Keywords: Key words: Magnetic resonance (MR) ; contrast enhancement ; Gadolinium ; Contrast media ; paramagnetic ; Contrast media ; complications ; Safety
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Gadoteridol injection is a low molecular weight chelate complex of gadolinium (III) which is useful as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging. A total of 2481 adult and pediatric subjects were studied with gadoteridol at doses from 0.025 to 0.3 mmol/kg in phase I–IIIb clinical trials in Europe and the United States. The study population had a mean age of 49 years, and included 119 patients under 18 years of age and 747 patients over 60 years of age. After 2656 administered injections of gadoteridol a total of 233 adverse events were recorded in 176 exposures, an incidence rate of 6.6 % irrespective of relationship to drug administration. The most frequently reported adverse events were nausea (1.5 %), taste perversion (0.9 %), and headache (0.6 %). All other adverse events occurred with an incidence of 0.5 % or less. This report confirms the excellent safety profile of gadoteridol in healthy subjects and patients with a variety of known or suspected pathologies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Neuroradiology 32 (1990), S. 356-366 
    ISSN: 1432-1920
    Keywords: Magnetic resonance ; Contrast media ; Brain
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary 3-D gradient echo techniques, and in particular FLASH, represent a significant advance in MR imaging strategy allowing thin section, high rsolution imaging through a large region of interest. Anatomical areas of application include the brain, spine, and extremities, although the majority of work to date has been performed in the brain. Superior T1 contrast and thus sensitivity to the presence of Gd DTPA is achieved with 3-D FLASH when compared to 2-D spin echo technique. There is marked arterial and venous enhancement following Gd DTPA administration on 3-D FLASH, a less common finding with 2-D spin echo. Enhancement of the falx and tentorium is also more prominent. From a single data acquisition, requiring less than 11 min of scan time, high resolution reformatted sagittal, coronal, and axial images can obtained in addition to sections in any arbitrary plane. Tissue segmentation techniques can be applied and lesions displayed in three dimensions. These results may lead to the replacement of 2-D spin echo with 3-D FLASH for high resolution T1-weighted MR imaging of the CNS, particularly in the study of mass lesions and structural anomalies. The application of similar T2-weighted gradient echo techniques may follow, however the signal-to-noise ratio which can be achieved remains a potential limitation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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