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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-10-05
    Description: Graphene is a distinct two-dimensional material that offers a wide range of opportunities for membrane applications because of ultimate thinness, flexibility, chemical stability, and mechanical strength. We demonstrate that few- and several-layered graphene and graphene oxide (GO) sheets can be engineered to exhibit the desired gas separation characteristics. Selective gas diffusion can be achieved by controlling gas flow channels and pores via different stacking methods. For layered (3- to 10-nanometer) GO membranes, tunable gas transport behavior was strongly dependent on the degree of interlocking within the GO stacking structure. High carbon dioxide/nitrogen selectivity was achieved by well-interlocked GO membranes in high relative humidity, which is most suitable for postcombustion carbon dioxide capture processes, including a humidified feed stream.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kim, Hyo Won -- Yoon, Hee Wook -- Yoon, Seon-Mi -- Yoo, Byung Min -- Ahn, Byung Kook -- Cho, Young Hoon -- Shin, Hye Jin -- Yang, Hoichang -- Paik, Ungyu -- Kwon, Soongeun -- Choi, Jae-Young -- Park, Ho Bum -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 Oct 4;342(6154):91-5. doi: 10.1126/science.1236098.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Energy Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791, Republic of Korea.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24092738" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-11-03
    Description: Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) syndrome is a very rare human genetic disease, and there has been no proper treatment for it until now. In our recent study, it has been reported that the loss of NF2 activates MAPK signaling through reduction of RKIP in a mesothelioma model. Here, we show that loss of NF2 induces reduction of the TGFβ receptor 2 (TβR2) expression, and an overwhelming expression of TGFβ receptor 1 (TβR1) is activated by physical stimuli such as pressure or heavy materials. Activated TβR1 induces the phosphorylation and degradation of RKIP. RKIP reduction consequently results in MAPK activation as well as Snail-mediated p53 suppression and occurrence of EMT in NF2-deficient cells by physical stimuli. Thus, TβR1 kinase inhibitors restore cell differentiation and induce growth suppression in NF2-deficient Schwannoma cell line and MEF. Moreover, TEW7197, a specific TβR1 kinase inhibitor, reduces tumor formation in the NF2-model mouse (Postn-Cre;NF2 f/f ). Gene expression profiling reveals that TEW7197 treatment induces the expression of lipid metabolism–related gene set, such as NF2-restored cells in HEI-193 (NF2-deficient Schwannoma). Our results indicate that reduction or deletion of TβR2 or NF2 induces the TβR1-mediated oncogenic pathway, and therefore inhibition of the unbalanced TGFβ signaling is a putative strategy for NF2-related cancers (NF2 syndrome and mesothelioma) and TβR2-mutated advanced cancers. Mol Cancer Ther; 17(11); 2271–84. ©2018 AACR .
    Print ISSN: 1535-7163
    Electronic ISSN: 1538-8514
    Topics: Medicine
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