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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2012-07-06
    Description: Mutations in the IDH1 and IDH2 genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenases are frequently found in human glioblastomas and cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukaemias (AML). These alterations are gain-of-function mutations in that they drive the synthesis of the 'oncometabolite' R-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). It remains unclear how IDH1 and IDH2 mutations modify myeloid cell development and promote leukaemogenesis. Here we report the characterization of conditional knock-in (KI) mice in which the most common IDH1 mutation, IDH1(R132H), is inserted into the endogenous murine Idh1 locus and is expressed in all haematopoietic cells (Vav-KI mice) or specifically in cells of the myeloid lineage (LysM-KI mice). These mutants show increased numbers of early haematopoietic progenitors and develop splenomegaly and anaemia with extramedullary haematopoiesis, suggesting a dysfunctional bone marrow niche. Furthermore, LysM-KI cells have hypermethylated histones and changes to DNA methylation similar to those observed in human IDH1- or IDH2-mutant AML. To our knowledge, our study is the first to describe the generation and characterization of conditional IDH1(R132H)-KI mice, and also the first report to demonstrate the induction of a leukaemic DNA methylation signature in a mouse model. Our report thus sheds light on the mechanistic links between IDH1 mutation and human AML.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4005896/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4005896/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Sasaki, Masato -- Knobbe, Christiane B -- Munger, Joshua C -- Lind, Evan F -- Brenner, Dirk -- Brustle, Anne -- Harris, Isaac S -- Holmes, Roxanne -- Wakeham, Andrew -- Haight, Jillian -- You-Ten, Annick -- Li, Wanda Y -- Schalm, Stefanie -- Su, Shinsan M -- Virtanen, Carl -- Reifenberger, Guido -- Ohashi, Pamela S -- Barber, Dwayne L -- Figueroa, Maria E -- Melnick, Ari -- Zuniga-Pflucker, Juan-Carlos -- Mak, Tak W -- R01 AI081773/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- Canadian Institutes of Health Research/Canada -- England -- Nature. 2012 Aug 30;488(7413):656-9. doi: 10.1038/nature11323.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉The Campbell Family Institute for Breast Cancer Research, Ontario Cancer Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2C1, Canada.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22763442" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Aging ; Animals ; Bone Marrow/pathology ; Cell Lineage ; CpG Islands/genetics ; DNA Methylation ; Disease Models, Animal ; Epigenesis, Genetic/*genetics ; Female ; Gene Knock-In Techniques ; Glioma/pathology ; Hematopoiesis ; Hematopoietic Stem Cells/*cytology/metabolism ; Histones/metabolism ; Humans ; Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/*genetics/*metabolism ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics ; Male ; Mice ; Mutant Proteins/genetics/*metabolism ; Mutation/*genetics ; Myeloid Cells/cytology/metabolism ; Spleen/pathology
    Print ISSN: 0028-0836
    Electronic ISSN: 1476-4687
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-04-06
    Description: A number of human cancers harbor somatic point mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenases 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2). These mutations alter residues in the enzyme active sites and confer a gain-of-function in cancer cells, resulting in the accumulation and secretion of the oncometabolite (R)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). We developed a small molecule, AGI-6780, that potently and selectively inhibits the tumor-associated mutant IDH2/R140Q. A crystal structure of AGI-6780 complexed with IDH2/R140Q revealed that the inhibitor binds in an allosteric manner at the dimer interface. The results of steady-state enzymology analysis were consistent with allostery and slow-tight binding by AGI-6780. Treatment with AGI-6780 induced differentiation of TF-1 erythroleukemia and primary human acute myelogenous leukemia cells in vitro. These data provide proof-of-concept that inhibitors targeting mutant IDH2/R140Q could have potential applications as a differentiation therapy for cancer.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Wang, Fang -- Travins, Jeremy -- DeLaBarre, Byron -- Penard-Lacronique, Virginie -- Schalm, Stefanie -- Hansen, Erica -- Straley, Kimberly -- Kernytsky, Andrew -- Liu, Wei -- Gliser, Camelia -- Yang, Hua -- Gross, Stefan -- Artin, Erin -- Saada, Veronique -- Mylonas, Elena -- Quivoron, Cyril -- Popovici-Muller, Janeta -- Saunders, Jeffrey O -- Salituro, Francesco G -- Yan, Shunqi -- Murray, Stuart -- Wei, Wentao -- Gao, Yi -- Dang, Lenny -- Dorsch, Marion -- Agresta, Sam -- Schenkein, David P -- Biller, Scott A -- Su, Shinsan M -- de Botton, Stephane -- Yen, Katharine E -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 May 3;340(6132):622-6. doi: 10.1126/science.1234769. Epub 2013 Apr 4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Agios Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, MA 02139-4169, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23558173" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Allosteric Site ; Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry/metabolism/pharmacology ; Catalytic Domain ; Cell Line, Tumor ; Cell Proliferation ; Cells, Cultured ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Enzyme Inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology ; Erythropoiesis/drug effects ; Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic ; Glutarates/metabolism ; Hematopoiesis/*drug effects ; Humans ; Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/*antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism ; Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute ; Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy/*enzymology/genetics/pathology ; Molecular Targeted Therapy ; Mutant Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Phenylurea Compounds/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology ; Point Mutation ; Protein Multimerization ; Protein Structure, Secondary ; Small Molecule Libraries ; Sulfonamides/chemistry/metabolism/*pharmacology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-04-06
    Description: The recent discovery of mutations in metabolic enzymes has rekindled interest in harnessing the altered metabolism of cancer cells for cancer therapy. One potential drug target is isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), which is mutated in multiple human cancers. Here, we examine the role of mutant IDH1 in fully transformed cells with endogenous IDH1 mutations. A selective R132H-IDH1 inhibitor (AGI-5198) identified through a high-throughput screen blocked, in a dose-dependent manner, the ability of the mutant enzyme (mIDH1) to produce R-2-hydroxyglutarate (R-2HG). Under conditions of near-complete R-2HG inhibition, the mIDH1 inhibitor induced demethylation of histone H3K9me3 and expression of genes associated with gliogenic differentiation. Blockade of mIDH1 impaired the growth of IDH1-mutant--but not IDH1-wild-type--glioma cells without appreciable changes in genome-wide DNA methylation. These data suggest that mIDH1 may promote glioma growth through mechanisms beyond its well-characterized epigenetic effects.〈br /〉〈br /〉〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3985613/" target="_blank"〉〈img src="https://static.pubmed.gov/portal/portal3rc.fcgi/4089621/img/3977009" border="0"〉〈/a〉   〈a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3985613/" target="_blank"〉This paper as free author manuscript - peer-reviewed and accepted for publication〈/a〉〈br /〉〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Rohle, Dan -- Popovici-Muller, Janeta -- Palaskas, Nicolaos -- Turcan, Sevin -- Grommes, Christian -- Campos, Carl -- Tsoi, Jennifer -- Clark, Owen -- Oldrini, Barbara -- Komisopoulou, Evangelia -- Kunii, Kaiko -- Pedraza, Alicia -- Schalm, Stefanie -- Silverman, Lee -- Miller, Alexandra -- Wang, Fang -- Yang, Hua -- Chen, Yue -- Kernytsky, Andrew -- Rosenblum, Marc K -- Liu, Wei -- Biller, Scott A -- Su, Shinsan M -- Brennan, Cameron W -- Chan, Timothy A -- Graeber, Thomas G -- Yen, Katharine E -- Mellinghoff, Ingo K -- 1R01NS080944-01/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- R01 NS080944/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- U54CA143798/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2013 May 3;340(6132):626-30. doi: 10.1126/science.1236062. Epub 2013 Apr 4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Human Oncology and Pathogenesis Program, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23558169" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Benzeneacetamides/administration & dosage/*pharmacology/toxicity ; *Cell Differentiation/drug effects ; Cell Transformation, Neoplastic ; Enzyme Inhibitors/*pharmacology/toxicity ; Gene Expression Profiling ; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects ; Glioma/drug therapy/*enzymology/genetics/*pathology ; Glutarates/metabolism ; Histones/metabolism ; Imidazoles/administration & dosage/*pharmacology/toxicity ; Isocitrate Dehydrogenase/*antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/*genetics/metabolism ; Methylation ; Mice ; Mice, SCID ; Mutant Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors/chemistry/metabolism ; Protein Multimerization ; RNA Interference ; Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  46. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh), 32. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädische Rheumatologie (DGORh), Wissenschaftliche Herbsttagung der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendrheumatologie (GKJR); 20180919-20180922; Mannheim; DOCKR.09 /20190205/
    Publication Date: 2019-02-06
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  17. Deutscher Kongress für Versorgungsforschung (DKVF); 20181010-20181012; Berlin; DOC18dkvf222 /20181012/
    Publication Date: 2018-10-13
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  45. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh), 31. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädische Rheumatologie (DGORh), 27. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendrheumatologie (GKJR); 20170906-20170909; Stuttgart; DOCKR.10 /20170904/
    Publication Date: 2017-09-04
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 7
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  44. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh); 30. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädische Rheumatologie (DGORh); 26. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendrheumatologie (GKJR); 20160831-20160903; Frankfurt am Main; DOCFA.52 /20160829/
    Publication Date: 2016-08-29
    Keywords: Candle Syndrom ; Autoinflammation ; junges Erwachsenenalter ; Baricitinib ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 8
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  44. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Rheumatologie (DGRh); 30. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädische Rheumatologie (DGORh); 26. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Kinder- und Jugendrheumatologie (GKJR); 20160831-20160903; Frankfurt am Main; DOCKR.19 /20160829/
    Publication Date: 2016-08-29
    Keywords: Transition ; Juvenile idiopathische Arthritis ; Informationsbedürfnisse ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Background : Treatment with interferon-alpha has been shown to be effective in one-third of hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis B patients, but is clinically associated with relevant adverse events.Aim : To investigate the safety of pegylated interferon alpha-2b in 300 hepatitis B e antigen-positive patients with compensated liver disease.Methods : Patients were treated with pegylated interferon alpha-2b for 52 weeks combined with either lamivudine 100 mg/day or placebo. Pegylated interferon alpha-2b was administered for 100 μg once a week for 32 weeks; thereafter, the dose was reduced to 50 μg once a week. Adverse events and their effect on study medication were reported at monthly visits in a standardized way.Results : The most frequently reported side-effects were flu-like syndrome (68%), headache (40%), fatigue (39%), myalgia (29%) and local reaction at the injection site (29%). These symptoms typically occurred within the first month of therapy and subsided during the course of therapy. Neutropenia and thrombocytopenia induced by pegylated interferon alpha-2b increased the risk of infections and bleeding complications, but these complications were rare and mild. The frequency of all side-effects was not different between patients treated with pegylated interferon alpha-2b combined with lamivudine or placebo. In 69 (22%) patients the dose of pegylated interferon alpha-2b was reduced prematurely. Of these dose reductions, 36 (52%) were because of neutropenia. Therapy was discontinued in 28 (8%) patients. The most frequent reasons for early discontinuation were psychiatric side-effects (depression, psychosis) and flu-like symptoms. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that low neutrophil count at baseline and cirrhosis were independent predictors of dose reduction or therapy discontinuation.Conclusion : We conclude that in patients with chronic hepatitis B and compensated liver disease prolonged pegylated interferon alpha-2b therapy is safe, and that pre-existent cirrhosis and neutropenia are the most important predictors of dose reduction or early treatment discontinuation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2036
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The pharmacokinetics of cyclosporin after oral administration were studied in seven patients with non-end stage primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) without previous cyclosporin treatment (Group I), a control group of nine patients with skin diseases (mainly psoriasis; Group II) and six patients with PBC after prolonged cyclosporin treatment (Group III). Whole blood concentrations of cyclosporin were measured using a nonspecific (N) radioimmunoassay (RIA) and — in a majority of the cases—also by a RIA specific (S) for the parent drug. No difference in cyclosporin absorption was observed between patients with PBC and those with a skin disease. The mean values for the area under the blood concentration-time curve for the first 6 h after the test dose (AUC0-6) and the maximal blood concentrations (Cmax) were significantly higher for Group I compared with Group II patients (P= 0.007 and 0.03, respectively), but the time to maximal blood concentrations (tc, max) did not differ. There was a trend toward higher mean AUC0-6 (P= 0.08) and Cmax (P= 0.08) values for Group III compared with Group I patients. Tc, max values were not influenced by prolonged cyclosporin treatment. The ratio of cyclosporin whole blood concentrations measured by the non-specific and specific RIA'S (N/S ratio) increased with time without obvious differences between the three groups. These data suggest that cyclosporin absorption and its biotransformation in the liver are not impaired in patients with non-end stage PBC and that neither is affected by prolonged treatment.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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