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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Wheat ; Gli-1 loci ; Gliadins ; LMW glutenins ; RFLP
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Probes related to γ-gliadins and to the LMW subunits of glutenin were used to determine the complexity of the Gli-1 loci, by RFLP analysis of euploid and aneuploid lines of bread wheat cv Chinese Spring and durum wheat cv Langdon. The two probes hybridised to separate sets of fragments derived from chromosomes 1 A, 1 B and 1D. The fragments related to the LMW subunit probe had a total copy number in HindIII digests of about 35 in Chinese Spring and 17 in Langdon, with more fragments derived from chromosomes 1D. The fragments hybridising to the γ-gliadin probe could be divided into two classes, based on whether they hybridised to the whole probe at high stringency or to the 3′ nonrepetitive region at moderate stringency. The fragments that failed to hybridise under these conditions were considered to be related to ω-gliadins. The fragments related to γ — and co-gliadins had total copy numbers of about 39 and 16, respectively, in HindIII digests of Chinese Spring, and about 24 and 12, respectively, in Langdon.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: Gliadins ; Glutenins ; Gene location ; Dasypyrum villosum ; Wheat
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Genes coding for glutenin-like subunits and for several prolamin subunits with electrophoretic mobilities (lactate-PAGE) corresponding to those of omega- and gamma-gliadins of wheat were located inDasypyrum villosum chromosome1V. Genes controlling four gliadinlike subunits with electrophoretic mobilities corresponding to those of alpha- and gamma-gliadins were located on the short arm of chromosome6V and on the long arm of chromosome4V. N-terminal amino acid sequences of these four components were also determined and homology with alpha-type gliadins was demonstrated. The presence of genes coding for glutenin- and gliadin-like subunits on chromosomes1V and6V demonstrates homoeology between theD. villosum chromosomes1V and6V and the chromosomes of homoeologous groups 1 and 6 in wheat. It is likely that the additional locusGli-V3 on chromosome4V originated by translocation from theGli-V2 locus.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-2242
    Keywords: ‘Null’ forms ; RFLP ; Gliadins ; LMW glutenins ; Deletion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Wheat accessions lacking some of the ω- and γ-gliadin components encoded by the Gli-1 loci on the short arm of chromosome 1D in bread wheat and chromosome 1A in durum wheat were studied by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and restriction fragment analysis. Digested genomic DNAs of ‘normal’ and ‘null’ forms were probed with a cDNA clone related to ω-/γ-gliadins and with a genomic clone encoding an LMW subunit of glutenin. The hybridisation patterns with the ω-/γ-gliadin probe were similar to those of cvs ‘Chinese Spring’ and ‘Langdon’ used as standards for bread and durum wheats, respectively, but several restriction fragments located on the 1D chromosome of bread wheat and the 1A chromosome of durum wheat were absent in the ‘null’ forms. In addition, specific LMW glutenin fragments encoded by the same chromosomes were also absent in the ‘null’ forms, suggesting that simultaneous deletions of blocks of genes for both ω-/γ-gliadins and LMW glutenins had occurred. Comparisons of the protein and RFLP patterns enabled some proteins to be mapped to specific restriction fragments.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: Key words eIF3 ; Maize ; Protein synthesis ; Translation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract In order to identify genes that are specifically expressed in distinct cell populations of the maize root apex, we have constructed PCR-directed cDNA libraries from microdissected populations of cells, and screened them by differential hybridisation. A meristem-specific cDNA was isolated and characterised. This cDNA, termed ZmeIF3A, encodes a protein homologous to the large subunit of the eukaryotic translation Initiation Factor 3 (eIF3), which is an essential multi-protein complex for the initiation of protein synthesis. The ZmeIF3A protein is most similar to the yeast homologue RPG1, lacking the repeated C-terminal domain characteristic of its mammalian counterparts. However, despite this similarity, it fails to replace the RPG1 protein in complementation experiments on yeast mutants. Analysis of gene expression in situ showed that the ZmeIF3A transcript is expressed in the region of the root meristem surrounding the central stele. ZmeIF3A mRNA is also expressed in the young root, the male inflorescence, and the developing cob and seed. In maize, ZmeIF3A is encoded by one or two genomic sequences. This is the first report on the isolation and characterisation of a cDNA from higher plants that encodes a product homologous to a component of the eIF3 complex.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    ISSN: 1520-5118
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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