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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  127. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chirurgie; 20100420-20100423; Berlin; DOC10dgch340 /20100517/
    Publication Date: 2010-05-17
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; GROWTH ; GROWTH-FACTOR ; SURVIVAL ; tumor ; carcinoma ; Germany ; MODEL ; SYSTEM ; HEPATOCELLULAR-CARCINOMA ; liver ; TUMORS ; MICE ; RESPONSES ; TRANSPLANTATION ; INDUCTION ; ANTIGEN ; DENDRITIC CELLS ; TOLERANCE ; BONE-MARROW ; MOUSE ; hepatocellular carcinoma ; PROMOTER ; PEPTIDES ; ONCOGENE ; NETHERLANDS ; IMMUNOTHERAPY ; MOUSE MODEL ; MELANOMA PATIENTS ; FAILURE ; albumin ; IMMUNIZATION ; T-CELL TOLERANCE ; IMMUNE-SYSTEM ; therapeutic ; Nodules ; Inducible hepatoma model ; LYMPHOCYTE RESPONSES ; Tumor tolerance
    Abstract: Tumors often induce tolerance in the immune system, which may contribute to the limited success of clinical vaccination against tumors. In order to develop strategies for overcoming tumor tolerance we have developed an inducible mouse model of autochthonus hepatocellular carcinoma growth, which relates more closely to the clinical situation than transplantation tumors. These so-called AST mice harbour a construct consisting of the hepatocyte-specific albumin promoter, a loxP flanked stop-cassette, and the oncogene SV40 large T antigen (Tag). By intravenous application of an adenovirus encoding Cre recombinase the stop cassette was excised, thereby inducing Tag expression and formation of hepatoma nodules in a dose-dependent fashion in about 3 months. Non-induced AST mice showed tumor tolerance, as demonstrated by the failure to reject Tag-positive transplantation tumors and the inability to mount CTL following Tag immunization. Dendritic cell-based immunization with an agonist Tag peptide was able to overcome tolerance and resulted in marked CTL activity against naturally occurring Tag epitopes. importantly, vaccination with the agonist peptide prevented growth of the autochthonous liver tumors and significantly prolonged survival of the animals. Our findings demonstrate that agonist peptides can be used in immunization protocols for breaking of tolerance and induction of CTL that mediate effective anti-tumor responses. In addition, the inducible hepatoma model described here can be used for the design of therapeutic strategies against hepatocellular carcinoma. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19428549
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  • 3
    Keywords: RECEPTOR ; CANCER ; CELLS ; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; VIVO ; liver ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; DIFFERENTIATION ; ACTIVATION ; CUTTING EDGE ; INFECTION ; INDUCTION ; DENDRITIC CELLS ; T-CELLS ; TOLERANCE ; bone marrow ; BONE-MARROW ; STIMULATION ; MOUSE ; DELIVERY ; CLONAL EXPANSION ; VIRAL-INFECTION ; CROSS-PRESENTATION ; endothelial cells ; EFFECTOR FUNCTION ; RIG-I ; T cell immunity ; HEPATITIS-B VIRUS ; MURINE CYTOMEGALOVIRUS-INFECTION ; TOLEROGENIC DENDRITIC CELLS
    Abstract: BACKGROUND & AIMS: Dendritic cell activation through ligation of pattern recognition receptors leading to full functional maturation causes induction of CD8(+) T-cell immunity through increased delivery of costimulatory signals instead of tolerance. Here we investigate whether organ-resident antigen-presenting cells, such as liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs), also switch from tolerogenic to immunogenic CD8(+) T-cell activation upon such stimulation. METHODS: Murine LSECs were isolated by immunomagnetic separation and analyzed for functional maturation upon triggering pattern recognition receptors or viral infection employing gene expression analysis and T cell coculture assays. In vivo relevance of the findings was confirmed with bone-marrow chimeric animals. RESULTS: LSECs expressed numerous pattern recognition receptors that allowed for sentinel function, but ligand-induced activation of these receptors was not sufficient to overcome tolerance induction of CD8(+) T cells. Importantly, viral infection with murine cytomegalovirus caused functional maturation of antigen-presenting LSECs and was sufficient to promote antigen-specific differentiation into effector CD8(+) T cells in the absence of dendritic cells and independent of CD80/86. CONCLUSIONS: These results shed new light on the generation of organ-specific immunity and may contribute to overcoming tolerance in relevant situations, such as cancer
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19737567
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