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  • 1
    ISSN: 0887-3585
    Keywords: nonlinear elliptic equations ; nonlinear multigrid ; inexact Newton methods ; damped Newton methods ; crambin ; BPTI ; HyHEL-5 ; superoxide dismutase ; rhinovirus ; tryptophan synthase ; electrostatic steering ; Brownian dynamics ; antibody-antigen complex ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: The nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann equation (NPBE) provides a continuum description of the electrostatic field in an ionic medium around a macromolecule. Here, a novel approach to the solution of the full NPBE is developed. This robust and efficient algorithm combines multilevel techniques with a damped inexact Newton's method. The CPU time required for solution of the full NPBE, which is less than that for standard single-grid approaches in solving the corresponding linearized equation, is proportional to the number of unknowns enabling applications to very large macromolecular systems. Convergence of the method is demonstrated for a variety of protein systems. Comparison of the solutions to the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation shows that the damping of the electrostatic field around the charge is increased and that the potential scales logarithmically with charge. The inclusion of the full nonlinearity thus reduces the impact of highly charged residues on protein surfaces and provides a more realistic representation of electrostatic effects. This is demonstrated through calculation of potential around the active site regions of the 1,266-residue tryptophan synthase dimer and in the computation of rate constants from Brownian dynamics calculations in the superoxide dismutase-superoxide and antibody-antigen systems. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: We present a robust and efficient numerical method for solution of the nonlinear Poisson-Boltzmann equation arising in molecular biophysics. The equation is discretized with the box method, and solution of the discrete equations is accomplished with a global inexact-Newton method, combined with linear multilevel techniques we have described in an article appearing previously in this journal. A detailed analysis of the resulting method is presented, with comparisons to other methods that have been proposed in the literature, including the classical nonlinear multigrid method, the nonlinear conjugate gradient method, and nonlinear relaxation methods such as successive overrelaxation. Both theoretical and numerical evidence suggests that this method will converge in the case of molecules for which many of the existing methods will not. In addition, for problems which the other methods are able to solve, numerical experiments show that the new method is substantially more efficient, and the superiority of this method grows with the problem size. The method is easy to implement once a linear multilevel solver is available and can also easily be used in conjunction with linear methods other than multigrid. © 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Computational Chemistry 14 (1993), S. 105-113 
    ISSN: 0192-8651
    Keywords: Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling ; Biochemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science
    Notes: A multigrid method is presented for the numerical solution of the linearized Poisson-Boltzmann equation arising in molecular biophysics. The equation is discretized with the finite volume method, and the numerical solution of the discrete equations is accomplished with multiple grid techniques originally developed for twodimensional interface problems occurring in reactor physics. A detailed analysis of the resulting method is presented for several computer architectures, including comparisons to diagonally scaled CG, ICCG, vectorized ICCG and MICCG, and to SOR provided with an optimal relaxation parameter. Our results indicate that the multigrid method is superior to the preconditioned CG methods and SOR and that the advantage of multigrid grows with the problem size. © 1993 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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