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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Journal of cutaneous pathology 28 (2001), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0560
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Introduction: Histopathologic criteria are usually sufficient for the accurate distinction of benign from malignant dermal vascular tumors. A minority of cases, however, pose a vexing diagnostic dilemma. Recent studies suggest that caveolin, a scaffolding cell membrane protein, may prove helpful in predicting the biologic behavior of endothelial-derived neoplasms.Methods: We analyzed a series of 30 dermal vascular tumors including 12 lobular capillary hemangiomas (LCH), 4 cases of targetoid hemosiderotic hemangiomas (TH), 4 cases of tufted angioma (TA), 12 cases of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), 4 epithelioid (EH) and 1 spindle cell hemangioendothelioma (SH), and 4 cases of angiosarcoma (AS). The distribution of immunoreactivity was analyzed by quantifying cell membrane staining in each case.Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the expression of caveolin between LCH (mean labeling index=91.6), TH (mean labeling index=89.7), and TA (mean labeling index=87.2) and the cases of KS (mean labeling index=21.6, EH mean labeling index=23.1), and the AS ( mean labeling index=6.3).Conclusions: These results indicate that antibodies to caveolin may be useful in separating benign and malignant dermal vascular tumors and possibly implicates this peptide in their pathogenesis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Administration of several biological response modifiers (BRMs) to mice strongly augmented natural killer (NK) activity of leukocytes isolated from the liver. This augmentation of NK activity was induced by two synthetic molecules (MVE-2 and poly ICLC), by two BRMs of bacterial origin (formalin-fixed Propionibacterium acnes: P. acnes and a streptococcal cell wall preparation designated OK-432), as well as a single injection of human recombinant interleukin-2 (hrIL 2). All of these BRMs augmented NK activity in the liver to a greater degree than in the spleen. In addition, adherent leukocytes (〉90% macrophages) isolated from the liver following P. acnes administration also exhibited augmented macrophage-mediated cytotoxicity. This cytotoxicity was characterized as macrophage mediated and distinguished from NK activity, on the basis of adherence purification, kinetics of cytotoxicity, and target cell selectivity. The results demonstrate that a variety of BRMs induce augmented natural immunity in the liver and suggest that such organ-associated immune responses may play an important role in the antimetastatic effects of BRMs.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0851
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We have used a transplantable murine adenocarcinoma of renal origin (Renca) introduced to the abdomen by i. p. injection of a tumor cell suspension, to study the therapeutic potential of adoptive immunotherapy and/or biological response modifiers (BRMs). This tumor model is therapeutically challenging since the tumor grows progressively resulting in extensive peritoneal carcinomatosis, with hemorrhagic ascites, metastases to abdominal lymph nodes, liver, most serous membranes, spleen, and in some animals, pulmonary metastases. Without therapy, death occurs invariably in 36±3 days. In vitro, the tumor is lysed by lymphocytes obtained from the peritoneal cavity of mice treated with human recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) and by cototoxic lymphocytes stimulated by in vitro culture with human rIL-2. Treatment of i. p. Renca with a single i. p. injection of the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), or adoptive transfer of in vitro stimulated cytotoxic lymphocytes together with rIL-2 cured 50% and 20% of the tumor-bearing mice, respectively. In contrast, combined therapy with DOX and adoptive transfer of in vitro stimulated cytotoxic lymphocytes and rIL-2 cured the majority (90%) of tumor-bearing mice. These results suggest that administration of immunotherapy with in vitro activated cytotoxic cells together with human rIL-2 substantially enhances the effectiveness of chemotherapy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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