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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA); 20120927-20120929; Aachen; DOCV518 /20120918/
    Publication Date: 2012-09-19
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Gemeinsame Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Medizinische Ausbildung (GMA), des Arbeitskreises zur Weiterentwicklung der Lehre in der Zahnmedizin (AKWLZ) und der Chirurgischen Arbeitsgemeinschaft Lehre (CAL); 20190925-20190928; Frankfurt am Main; DOCV29-05 /20190920/
    Publication Date: 2019-09-21
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Cystic fibrosis ; Pulmonary artery hypertension ; Right ventricular function ; Krypton 81m angiocardiography
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A combined haemodynamic and radionuclide approach was used to evaluate right ventricular performance in 16 adolescent and adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). There were nine patients with mild arterial hypoxaemia (PaO2〉80% of predicted) and normal resting pulmonary artery pressure and seven patients with severe arterial hypoxaemia (PaO2〈70% of predicted) and resting pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH). The right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF) by equilibrium angiocardiography using krypton 81m as a tracer and stroke volume index (SVI) by thermodilution techniques were measured simultaneously and right ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes were derived. RVEF was normal in CF patients without PH (58.9±7.2%) but was reduced in those with PH (45.4±2.6%). There was a statistically significant inverse linear correlation between RVEF and afterload as assessed by mean pulmonary artery pressure $$(\overline {Pap} :r = - {\text{0}}{\text{.76)}}$$ and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR: r=−0.78), indicating that RVEF ist afterload-dependent. Right ventricular function, however, as assessed by right ventricular end-systolic pressure-volume relations was even higher in CF patients with PH, indicating preserved or even increased right ventricular function in the face of an increased afterload stress.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Indomethacin ; Patent ductus arteriosus ; Pharmacokinetics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary We present pharmacokinetic data of prolonged, intra-arterial indomethacin treatment (i.e. induction plus maintenance dose) for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) in 26 ventilated premature infants. sPDA was assessed by two-dimensional and pulsed Doppler echocardiography. Permanent ductal closure occurred in 20 (76%) infants. Plasma levels of indomethacin were 1.18±0.74; 1.8±1.0; 1.51±0.93 and 1.25±0.98 μg/ml (mean±SD) at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h after initial dose administration. All except one patient who responded with ductal closure, showed plasma levels above 0.25 μg/ml throughout the 3 day treatment period and no case of sPDA reopening was noted. Although target concentrations over time were not defined, the data indicate that the maintenance levels measured were within the therapeutic range. A negative correlation was found for plasma drug levels and postnatal age (r=0.52;P〈0.01). Volume of drug distribution was 0.23±0.18l/kg, total clearance 0.1±0.11 ml/min and elimination constant 0.06±0.05h−1 (mean±SD). The great variation in pharmacokinetic data reflects the heterogeneity of the population studied with respect to extracellular fluid space, cardiovascular status, serum protein and other parameters.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity ; Congenital heart disease ; Pulmonary blood flow ; Pulmonary arterial pressure
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity was determined in 46 children with congenital heart disease with normal and abnormal lung perfusion: (1) congenital heart disease with normal pulmonary blood flow (12 patients); (2) congenital heart disease with increased pulmonary blood flow (18 patients); (3) congenital heart disease with decreased pulmonary blood flow (16 patients). There was no significant difference in serum ACE activity between the three groups. In group 2 serum ACE activity had a tendency to correlate inversely with both mean pulmonary arterial pressure (r=−0.43;P≤0.05) and pulmonary vascular resistance (r=−0.48;P=0.05). No further correlations between serum ACE activity and age, serum electrolytes, creatinine nor other haemodynamic data could be established.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1971
    Keywords: Bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt ; Right and left pulmonary artery ; Doppler echocardiography ; Children
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary The systolic and diastolic Doppler tracings in the right and left pulmonary artery were analyzed in 10 patients with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease, aged 6 months to 12 years (median 3 years), after employment of a bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt. The postoperative interval ranged from 2 weeks to 1.7 years (median 1.3 years). In children with pulmonary atresia or severe pulmonary stenosis with minimal antegrade pulsatile pulmonary blood flow Doppler echocardiography confirmed a systolic and diastolic bidirectional shunt from the vena cava superior to both pulmonary arteries. In children with pulmonary stenosis, Doppler echocardiography confirmed a systolic shunt only to the right pulmonary artery and a diastolic bidirectional shunt into both pulmonary arteries. As the left pulmonary artery was perfused by the pulsatile transvalvular flow it was difficult to detect a concomitant systolic Glenn-related flow in those patients. Quantitative analysis of the diastolic Doppler tracings revealed a significant difference in the velocity time integral in the right and left pulmonary artery indicating a dominant right lung perfusion in diastole.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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