Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Residence times of nearly neutrally buoyant polystyrene particles flowing with an aqueous solution of carboxymethylcellulose were measured in each of 4 straight sections of holding tubes that were connected by 180° bends. Equations were developed to predict mean, minimum, and standard deviations of residence times in individual tubes and in the entire assembly as a function of viscosity, particle size, particle concentration, and flow rate. The residence time distribution in the 4th tube was always narrower than that in the 1st tube, and the ratio of the mean to minimum residence time was always between 1.07 and 1.20. These results can help in the design of appropriate holding tubes for food processing.
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