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  • 1
    ISSN: 0196-9781
    Keywords: Brain ; Chromatography ; Human ; Hypothalamus ; Immunocytochemistry ; Melanin-concentrating hormone ; Radioimmunoassay
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Pituitary gland ; Choristoma ; Corticotroph ; Adrenocortical cell
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A pituitary tumour composed of well-differentiated corticotrophs and adrenocortical cells is reported. Sections of the tumour revealed a mixture of small round cells with amphophilic or basophilic periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive cytoplasm and large spherical and oval cells with abundant, granular, partly vacuolated PAS-negative cytoplasm. The small cells contained type 1 cytokeratin-positive microfilaments, numerous 250–500 nm endocrine-type secretory granules immunoreactive for adenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and β-lipotropin. The large cells possessed ample cytoplasm filled with abundant vesicular smooth endoplasmic reticulum, numerous mitochondria possessing tubulovesicular cristae and frequent dense bodies. They lacked the features of pituitary endocrine cells or folliculostellate cells and were found to contain a panel of steroidogenic dehydrogenases and hydroxylases. The tumour was classified as a choristoma, in which two distinct cells types, corticotrophs and adrenocortical cells, were mixed. We suggest that, under continued ACTH stimulation, uncommitted stem cells may differentiate into adrenocortical cells. Alternatively, the presence of adrenocortical cells may be the result of heterotopia.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-7217
    Keywords: aromatase ; biochemical activity ; intratumoural ; immunohistochemistry ; response
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The role of intratumoural aromatase in human breast cancer growth remains controversial. At the same time as the use of aromatase inhibitors in the clinical setting continues to increase, so does the need for a tool to predict the likely response to this treatment. Intratumoural aromatase is a candidate predictive marker. The presently accepted 'gold standard' methods of assessment of aromatase activity are biochemical assays. However, these are time-consuming and require relatively large amounts of fresh or frozen tissue which are frequently not available. The development of a reliable immunohistochemical technique for the assessment of intratumoural aromatase which could be applied rapidly to more readily available paraffin-embedded material is therefore highly desirable. Unfortunately aromatase immunohistochemistry is also an area of controversy; some authors describe localisation to the stromal compartment but others to the malignant epithelial cells themselves. The aim of this study was therefore to compare immunohistochemical scores using two different antibodies with biochemical aromatase activity. Taking a group of 29 human breast carcinomas we demonstrated a strong correlation between immunoreactivity with a monoclonal antibody (p = 0.01) but not with a polyclonal (p = 0.16). The monoclonal produced reactivity in both epithelial and stromal cells but the polyclonal in only stromal cells. The implications of these results are discussed together with the need for further studies.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aims:  Invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) is associated with frequent lymph node metastasis and adverse clinical outcome. IMPC has been reported in breast, urinary bladder, ureter, lung and parotid gland but not in colon. We present the clinicopathological features of three cases of primary IMPC of the colon with a review of the literature.Methods and results:  The patients (one man and two women) were 53, 67 and 68 years old, respectively. The size of the tumour ranged from 20 to 100 mm in diameter. Histologically, all cases were composed predominantly of papillary tumour cell clusters with spaces in a background of fine fibrocollagenous stroma. One of the tumours (case 1) was nearly completely composed of IMPC, but the other two were associated with foci of adenocarcinoma and concurrent mucinous carcinoma, respectively. MUC1 was positive in all cases, suggestive of reverse cell orientation which is responsible for its unique histological features.Conclusions:  We report three cases of primary IMPC of the colon. Its clinical significance remains undetermined but the presence of this component may represent a poor prognostic factor.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, U.K. and Cambridge, USA : Blackwell Science
    Histopathology 28 (1996), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Oestrogen receptors and progesterone receptors were immunolocalized in 19 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia and in 26 patients with prostatic carcinoma. Immunohistochemistry was performed on tissue that had been fixed in 8% paraformaldehyde and then paraffin-embedded, using microwave irradiation for antigen retrieval. Oestrogen receptor expression was observed exclusively in the stromal cells of six out of 26 (23%) patients with prostatic carcinoma, but in none of the cells of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. Progesterone receptor expression was detected in 16 of 19 (84%) and 17 of 19 (89%) of the epithelial cells and stromal cells of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia, respectively. In patients with prostatic carcinoma, progesterone receptor immunoreactivity was observed in 12 of 20 (46%) and 20 of 26 (77%) of the carcinoma and stromal cells of prostatic carcinoma, respectively. The ratio of epithelial cells with progesterone receptor immunoreactivity corresponded well with that of stromal cells with immunoreactivity in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. However, the ratio of stromal cells with progesterone receptor immunoreactivity was much higher than that in carcinoma cells in patients with prostatic carcinoma. Immunolocalization patterns or the ratio of the cells with progesterone receptor immunoreactivity did not significantly correlate with histological differentiation or patient’s age in carcinoma cases. However, patients with advanced surgical stages of disease demonstrated a significantly smaller number of carcinoma and stromal cells with progesterone immunoreactivity in patients with prostatic carcinoma. These results suggest that oestrogens do not have a direct effect on the biological behaviour of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma, but that progesterone appears to play a role in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatic carcinoma.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Aims : To define the phenotypic alteration of the stromal component in association with destructive invasion which is a crucial feature in distinguishing minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) from benign endocervical glandular lesions.Methods and results : We studied endocervical glandular hyperplasias including non-specific-type (NEGH) (n = 3) and lobular-type (LEGH) (n = 8), and minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) (n = 11), well-differentiated endocervical adenocarcinoma of usual-type (WDA) (n = 11), and adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) (n = 6) of the cervix, by double immunostaining for oestrogen receptor (ER) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) using peroxidase- and alkaline phosphatase-polymer methods, respectively. Glands in NEGH invariably showed nuclear staining for ER, with surrounding ER+/α-SMA– stromal cells, whereas LEGH also harboured ER+/α-SMA– spindle cells, but lacked nuclear staining for ER in constituent glands. In contrast, both WDA and MDA displayed accompanying stroma rich in α-SMA+ spindle cells in close vicinity to the infiltrating neoplastic glands, with only occasional weakly ER+ stromal cells. WDA tended to contain more α-SMA+ cells. The distribution of α-SMA+ cells was periglandular (6/11), patchy (6/11), and/or diffuse (4/11) in WDA, whereas in MDA it was periglandular (11/11) and/or patchy (8/11). AIS was surrounded by ER+/α-SMA− stromal cells. All cases of WDA, MDA, and AIS lacked nuclear staining for ER.Conclusions : Both MDA and WDA can be distinguished from LEGH and NEGH by identifying surrounding α-SMA+ stromal cells and the absence or decreased number of ER+ cells, possibly as a result of the desmoplastic reaction with myofibroblasts replacing pre-existing ER+ stromal cells. In particular, the periglandular distribution of these α-SMA+ stromal cells can be a clue suggesting destructive stromal invasion in cases of MDA, although occasional glands may lack these cells.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, U.K. and Cambridge, USA : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Histopathology 29 (1996), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: We examined full thickness specimens of oesophageal squamous dysplasia from both cancer-free and cancer patients using immunohistochemical labelling for cytokeratin subtypes 10/13 and 14 and for involucrin, binding studies for various lectins, and PAS/D staining before and after diastase treatment. We studied specimens from patients with oesophageal carcinoma (52 normal epithelia, and 49 with mild, 38 with moderate, and 32 with severe dysplasia), and 32 specimens from cancer-free patients (five normal epithelia and 16 with mild and 11 with moderate dysplasia). Abnormal cytokeratin expression patterns in atypical cells, i.e. both cytokeratin 10/13 and cytokeratin 14 immunoreactivity in the same cells was detected in 41 of 99 specimens with dysplasias in cancer patients. Helix aspersaErythrina cristagalli and Robinia pseudoacacia binding was consistently negative in atypical cells in squamous dysplasia. The non-atypical layer of squamous dysplasia, which was morphologically indistinguishable from the corresponding layer of normal oesophageal squamous epithelium, showed abnormal involucrin expression in 39/101 specimens, Helix aspersa binding in 74/106, diastase sensitive PAS staining in 52/110, Erythrina cristaglli binding in 28/107, and Robinia pseudoacacia binding in 16/100. There were no significant differences in the expression of these markers in dysplasia between cancer patients and cancer-free individuals with the exception of increased Robinia pseudoacacia binding in the non-atypical layer in cancer-free patients. The results indicate that abnormal patterns of cytokeratin expression and lectin binding occur not only in atypical cells but also in non-atypical cells in oesophageal squamous dysplasia.
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Science Ltd
    Histopathology 47 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2559
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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