Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary In 59 patients, 86 hips with subluxation or hip dysplasia were examined to determine the natural course of the condition and select suitable treatment. Thirty-three percent of the joints (13/39 hips) developed early osteoarthritis from pre-osteoarthritis within an average term of 9.2 years, while the remaining, sixty-six percent (31/47 hips) developed advanced-stage osteoarthritis from early osteoarthritis within an average term of 7.8 years. Patients were classified into advanced and non-advanced groups according to radiographic analysis of the advance of the disease and statistical analysis was performed. In pre-osteoarthritis, centre-edge angle, slope of the acetabular roof, acetabular head index, acetabular depth ratio and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) hip score were significant predictors, while in early osteoarthritis, a broken Shenton's line, cranial joint space and JOA score were significant. On the basis of multiple parameters, formulas for predicting development in patients with pre-osteoarthritis, those with early osteoarthritis, and all patients together were established, with an accuracy of 87%, 71%, and 68%, respectively.
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