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  • 1
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  67. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 89. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 44. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20031111-20031116; Berlin; DOC03dguK14-2 /20031111/
    Publication Date: 2003-11-11
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    Abstract: Postnatal colonization of the body with microbes is assumed to be the main stimulus to postnatal immune development. By transiently colonizing pregnant female mice, we show that the maternal microbiota shapes the immune system of the offspring. Gestational colonization increases intestinal group 3 innate lymphoid cells and F4/80(+)CD11c(+) mononuclear cells in the pups. Maternal colonization reprograms intestinal transcriptional profiles of the offspring, including increased expression of genes encoding epithelial antibacterial peptides and metabolism of microbial molecules. Some of these effects are dependent on maternal antibodies that potentially retain microbial molecules and transmit them to the offspring during pregnancy and in milk. Pups born to mothers transiently colonized in pregnancy are better able to avoid inflammatory responses to microbial molecules and penetration of intestinal microbes.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26989247
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  • 3
    Keywords: CANCER ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; tumor ; carcinoma ; COMBINATION ; Germany ; PROSTATE ; VITRO ; POPULATION ; CDNA ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; GENOME ; microarray ; PROTEIN ; RNA ; transcription ; TISSUE ; MECHANISM ; BIOMARKERS ; mechanisms ; DOWN-REGULATION ; PROGRESSION ; gene expression ; microarrays ; prostate cancer ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; LOCALIZATION ; CARCINOMAS ; CDNA MICROARRAYS ; microdissection ; prostate carcinoma ; QUANTITIES ; MANAGEMENT ; CDNA MICROARRAY ; HETEROGENEITY ; molecular ; RADICAL PROSTATECTOMY ; EXTRACTION ; PROTOCOL ; MOLECULAR-MECHANISMS ; biomarker ; RECOVERY ; RNAS ; PRESERVATION ; HIGH-GRADE ; NEEDLE BIOPSIES ; ALTERNATE READING FRAME ; COA RACEMASE P504S ; ISCHEMIA TIME ; laser microdissection ; tissue banking
    Abstract: Molecular analyses of early-stage prostate cancers are necessary to assess their potential clinical significance based on established and/or novel biomarkers for tailored clinical management. A prerequisite for the application of RNA-based analyses of such, mostly macroscopically-undetectable, small prostate carcinomas is the recovery and preservation of sufficient RNA quantities and quality. Furthermore, in prostate cancer, heterogeneity is a common phenomenon that includes a juxtaposition of different tissue compositions and variable histological grades within the same tumor focus. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of prostate cancer, it is essential to correlate molecular data with a specific cell type. Here, we present a tissue collecting protocol which is aligned with the preoperative evaluation of tumor localization. In combination with the technique of laser microdissection and pressure catapulting, we are able to preserve RNA of high quality from homogeneous cell populations of macroscopically-undetectable small prostate carcinomas. To obtain the necessary RNA quantities for whole genome cDNA microarrays, the isolated total RNAs were amplified by T7-based RNA-polymerase in vitro transcription. The microarray analyses (Human Unigene Set RZPD3.1) resulted in 216 differentially expressed genes (191 down-regulated, 25 Up-regulated). Among these were several known prostate cancer relevant genes, such as AMACR, TARP, LIM, GPR160 (all up-regulated), CAVI, NTNI, MTIX; CLU, TRIM29, SPARCLI and HSPB8 (,all down-regulated)
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16077921
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  68. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 90. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 45. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20041019-20041023; Berlin; DOC04dguO22-1634 /20041019/
    Publication Date: 2004-10-20
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  67. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Unfallchirurgie, 89. Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Orthopädie und Orthopädische Chirurgie und 44. Tagung des Berufsverbandes der Fachärzte für Orthopädie; 20031111-20031116; Berlin; DOC03dguK22-8 /20031111/
    Publication Date: 2003-11-11
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1041
    Keywords: ouabain ; nitroglycerin ; cardiac glycosides ; impedance cardiography ; systolic time intervals ; echocardiography ; cardiac load changes ; pharmacodynamic effects
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary In this intraindividual, placebo-controlled, double blind study the dynamic effects of single doses of ouabain 0.5 mg i.v. and 12 mg sublingual were compared with those of the vasodilator sublingual nitroglycerin 0.8 mg. In 12 (sublingual) and 6 (i.v.) healthy volunteers, respectively, cardiac performance was assessed for 60 min after administration, using systolic time intervals (QS2c, PEPc, PEP/LVET), electrical impedance cardiography ((dZ/dt)/RZ index) and echocardiography (EDD, ESD, FS). After i.v. ouabain the typical positive inotropic glycoside effects appeared (shortening of QS2c, PEPc, and PEP/LVET, increase of (dZ/dt)/RZ and FS, decrease of EDD and ESD). With nitroglycerin preload reduction diminished cardiac performance, as shown by a rise in PEPc and PEP/LVET and depression of (dZ/dt)/RZ. In addition, EDD (not significant) and ESD were somewhat reduced, FS was enhanced, and QS2c tended to shorten. Following sublingual ouabain, QS2c was unchanged, there was an increase in PEPc and PEP/LVET, a decrease in (dZ/dt)/RZ and FS, EDD was unchanged, and ESD rose. By this route the absolute magnitude of the effects was about 1/3 that of the i.v. drug action. The spectrum of effects of sublingual ouabain indicates a reduction in cardiac performance without any detectable inotropic action. The effects seem to be induced by load changes, with an indication of an increase in afterload although an additional preload reduction cannot be excluded. This dose of the drug given by the sublingual route appears, therefore, to alter cardiac function via an effect on the peripheral circulation, although the final mechanism has not yet been elucidated. It is not known whether these biological effects in healthy subjects may have any clinical significance in patients with cardiac disorders.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Molecular studies have shown microdeletions in region q11 of chromosome 22 in nearly all patients with DiGeorge, velocardiofacial and conotruncal anomaly face syndromes (DGS, VCFS and CTAFS, respectively) and in a high percentage of non-syndromic familial cases of conotruncal defects (CTD). CTD account for roughly a fourth to a third of all non-syndromic congenital heart defects (CHD), thus, 22q11 could harbor a major genetic factor of CHD. We searched for a 22q11 microdeletion in familial cases of non-syndromic CTD. Thirty-six cases of various isolated CTD, that is without history of hypocalcemia, immune deficiency, absent thymus, and dysmorphic appearance, were selected. With 48178, a cosmid probe localized in the smallest deleted region of the DiGeorge critical region (DGCR), we found no deletions by fluorescence in situ hybridization in these 36 affected individuals of 16 families with recurrent CTD. Moreover, D22S264, a microsatellilte localized at the distal part of the largest deleted region, was used to genotype the patients. Thirty-two patients out of 37 were heterozygous and hence not deleted at this locus, whereas 5 were uninformative. In conclusion, there are no large deletions in familial cases of various CTD, whether these defects are identical or not within a family. This result does not rule out other minor anomalies in this chromosomal region.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2277
    Keywords: Key words Liver graft quality ; Effluates ; Prediction of survival ; Glutathione S-transferase ; Glutamate dehydrogenase ; Leucocyte count
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Because transplantation success is influenced by the quality of the graft, the objective of this study was to find parameters to evaluate transplant livers in the recipient centre. In 64 liver grafts, the venous effluates of a portal back-table flush were investigated for various parameters. Amongst them, glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutamate dehydrogenase (GLDH) and the leucocyte count were found superior in predicting graft survival. Using the combination of these parameters, 100-day graft survival of between 95 % (all parameters positive) and 0 % (all parameters negative) was predicted. We concluded that good liver grafts are characterized by a low width of injury (cytosolic component: GST), a low depth of injury (mitochondrial component: GLDH), as well as by a potential to induce tolerance (passenger leucocytes). Perfusate analysis seems to be a valuable tool to recognize problematic grafts in advance and to quantify the “graft factor” in considerations concerning quality control.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0614
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Although acetate formation and tolerance are important criteria for various aspects of biotechnological process development, available studies on acetate tolerance in different species are disparate. We evaluate the response of eight bacterial strains, including two variants of Escherichia coli, two variants of Staphylococcus capitis, and one each of Acetobacter aceti, Gluconobacter suboxydans, Lactobacillus acetotolerans, and L. bulgaricus, to acetate challenges under identical conditions. Our findings were: (1) wild-type organisms of species that are considered tolerant of acetate perform only slightly better than E. coli in unadapted shaker cultures; (2) the ability to tolerate acetate is strongly dependent on the carbon source, and is, especially for E. coli, much greater on glycerol than on glucose; (3) respiration is not as important to acetate tolerance in E. coli and S. capitis as has been reported for the acetic acid bacteria; (4) S. capitis was the least affected by acetate under all conditions and grew at up to 44 g/l acetate without any preconditioning; and (5) qualitative high-throughput screening of growth characteristics can be achieved with relatively inexpensive multiwell plate readers.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Copenhagen : International Union of Crystallography (IUCr)
    Applied crystallography online 30 (1997), S. 71-72 
    ISSN: 1600-5767
    Source: Crystallography Journals Online : IUCR Backfile Archive 1948-2001
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
    Notes: A practical, step-by-step description of the construction of loops for protein cryocrystallography using pulled-out micro-injection capillaries is described. The advantages of this method are the high reproducibility of the loops, the ease of adjustment of the loop diameter and the formation of thin films owing to the narrow base of the loop. During assembly, the loop does not make contact with either glue or cement.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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