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    Abstract: Constitutive activation of the antiapoptotic nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) signaling pathway is a hallmark of the activated B-cell-like (ABC) subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). Recurrent oncogenic mutations are found in the scaffold protein CARMA1 (CARD11) that connects B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling to the canonical NF-kappaB pathway. We asked how far additional downstream processes are activated and contribute to the oncogenic potential of DLBCL-derived CARMA1 mutants. To this end, we expressed oncogenic CARMA1 in the NF-kappaB negative DLBCL lymphoma cell line BJAB. By a proteomic approach we identified recruitment of beta-catenin and its destruction complex consisting of APC, AXIN1, CK1alpha and GSK3beta to oncogenic CARMA1. Recruitment of the beta-catenin destruction complex was independent of CARMA1-BCL10-MALT1 complex formation or constitutive NF-kappaB activation and promoted the stabilization of beta-catenin. The beta-catenin destruction complex was also recruited to CARMA1 in ABC DLBCL cell lines, which coincided with elevated beta-catenin expression. In line, beta-catenin was frequently detected in non-GCB DLBCL biopsies that rely on chronic BCR signaling. Increased beta-catenin amounts alone were not sufficient to induce classical WNT target gene signatures, but could augment TCF/LEF-dependent transcriptional activation in response to WNT signaling. In conjunction with NF-kappaB, beta-catenin enhanced expression of immunosuppressive interleukin-10 and suppressed antitumoral CCL3, indicating that beta-catenin can induce a favorable tumor microenvironment. Thus, parallel activation of NF-kappaB and beta-catenin signaling by gain-of-function mutations in CARMA1 augments WNT stimulation and is required for regulating the expression of distinct NF-kappaB target genes to trigger cell-intrinsic and extrinsic processes that promote DLBCL lymphomagenesis.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 26776161
    Signatur Availability
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