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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Kongress Medizin und Gesellschaft 2007; 20070917-20070921; Augsburg; DOC07gmds357 /20070906/
    Publication Date: 2007-09-07
    Keywords: Allergie ; Atopie ; Sensibilisierung ; Kinder ; Jugendliche ; Gesundheitssurvey ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  50. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds), 12. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Epidemiologie; 20050912-20050915; Freiburg im Breisgau; DOC05gmds598 /20050908/
    Publication Date: 2005-09-09
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 3
    Keywords: PARTICIPATION ; HEALTH INTERVIEW
    Abstract: BACKGROUND: In 2011, almost 20.0% of the population of Germany had a migration background. Studies on their health tend to have low participation rates. The aim of our study was to compare different sampling strategies and to test different approaches to recruit migrants for an epidemiological study. METHODS: Four recruitment centres of the German National Cohort recruited persons of Turkish origin and ethnic German immigrants from former Soviet Union countries. A register-based (random samples from residents' registration offices) and a community-orientated strategy were applied. Participants underwent a medical examination and self-completed a questionnaire. RESULTS: Used approaches: The community-orientated strategies comprised the acquisition of key persons from migrant networks to support the recruitment, invitation talks and distribution of study materials in migrant settings, etc. The identifying variables in the registry data were name, nationality or country of birth. All but one centres used bilingual study material and study staff. PARTICIPATION: When comparing the two strategies, the register-based participation rates ranged from 10.1 to 21.0% (n = 668 participants) and the community-oriented recruitment resulted in 722 participants. CONCLUSION: Register-based recruitment should use a combination of name, nationality and country of birth in order not to be limited to identifying persons with a foreign nationality. However, according to the study staff, the community-oriented approach involving key persons of the same cultural background leads to a better acceptance by the participants. Also, it covers a more heterogeneous group. Yet, it is time-consuming and needs considerably more staff. Further research should establish the effectiveness of a combination of both strategies.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 24872519
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  • 4
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    German Medical Science; Düsseldorf, Köln
    In:  50. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds), 12. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Epidemiologie; 20050912-20050915; Freiburg im Breisgau; DOC05gmds583 /20050908/
    Publication Date: 2005-09-09
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Mainz//2011; 56. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds), 6. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Epidemiologie (DGEpi); 20110926-20110929; Mainz; DOC11gmds240 /20110920/
    Publication Date: 2011-09-20
    Keywords: infant death ; hexavalent vaccination ; risk ; epidemiology ; ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Mainz//2011; 56. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Medizinische Informatik, Biometrie und Epidemiologie (gmds), 6. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Epidemiologie (DGEpi); 20110926-20110929; Mainz; DOC11gmds321 /20110920/
    Publication Date: 2011-09-20
    Keywords: Kinder und Jugendliche ; Operationalisierung ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 7
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Kongress Medizin und Gesellschaft 2007; 20070917-20070921; Augsburg; DOC07gmds580 /20070906/
    Publication Date: 2007-09-07
    Keywords: Gesundheitssurvey ; Kinder ; Jugendliche ; somatische chronische Erkrankungen ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    European journal of pediatrics 156 (1997), S. 465-470 
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Key words Retinopathy of prematurity  ;  Iron overload  ;  Oxygen radicals  ;  Transfusion
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract To study the relationship between blood transfusion, iron load and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), we performed a prospective observational cohort study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit. During a 24-month period, data on the volume of blood transfused during the first 6 weeks of life and on the incidence of ROP were collected in all surviving very low birth weight infants (n = 114 median birth weight␣1130␣g, range 520–1500 g). Associations between these data and values for serum iron, transferrin and ferritin measured at weekly intervals were analysed in a nested case-control design by logistic regression. There was a significant association between the volume of blood transfused and the incidence of ROP. After adjustment for gestational age at birth, duration of oxygen therapy FiO2〉 0.3) and duration of mechanical ventilation, the relative risk of developing ROP was 6.4 (95% CI 1.2–33.4) for infants who had received 16–45 ml/kg, and 12.3 (1.6–92.5) for those who had received more than 45 ml/kg of blood (reference, 0–15 ml/kg). In contrast, there was no independent relationship between ROP and any of the parameters on iron metabolism analysed. Conclusion This study confirms the role of blood transfusions as an independent risk factor for ROP. This relationship, however, does not appear to be mediated via an increased iron load.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-1076
    Keywords: Key words Necrotising enterocolitis Pathogens ; Temporal distribution
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Outbreaks of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) have often been related to specific pathogens such as Enterobacteriaceae. This relationship, however, remains uncertain because of the retrospective nature of the studies addressing this issue. We performed a prospective study to investigate whether there is indeed an association between NEC and specific pathogens. Between April 1993 and March 1997, stools of neonates of 〈36 weeks admitted to our neonatal unit were investigated for bacteria in weekly intervals. Clinical and bacteriological data from each infant who developed NEC were compared with those from two control infants matched for gestational age and date of admission. Eighteen infants developed 19 episodes of NEC (clinical signs + air in portal vein); 8 of these had laparotomy; two died. Occurences of NEC were homogeneously distributed over the 4- year study period. The only significant differences in the clinical course prior to NEC were a more severe stage of respiratory distress syndrome [median 2 (0–4) vs. 0 (0–3), P 〈 0.05] and a higher proportion of infants who had only been formula fed (63 vs. 32%, P 〈 0.05) in the cases. Within the last week prior to NEC, potentially pathogenic bacteria were identified in stools of all cases and 79% of controls (P 〈 0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the occurrence of specific pathogens or groups of pathogens in cases compared with controls. Conclusion Although gut colonisation with potential pathogens appeared to be a prerequisite for the development of NEC, there were no specific bacteria associated with this disease if data from infants with NEC were compared with those from time- and gestational age-matched controls.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1437-1596
    Keywords: SID ; SIDS ; Hyperthermia ; Swaddling ; Death scene investigation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Law
    Notes: Abstract To determine whether preterminal hyperthermia is significantly associated with sudden infant death (SID), 140 structured interviews with parents of SID victims were compared with questionnaires filled in by a control group of parents living in the same area. All SID autopsies were performed between 1986 and 1992 at the Institute of Legal Medicine of Hannover Medical School according to the same protocol. Signs of profuse sweating (i.e. moist head, damp clothing or bedding) were present at the scene of death in 35.7% of cases. SID victims with signs of profuse sweating were more frequently found under their bedding (p 〈 0.001), were older (178 vs. 130 days) and the time period between when they were last seen alive and when they were found dead was longer (6.5 vs. 4.5 hours p 〈 0.01) compared to cases without sweating. Sweat on the head [odds ratio (OR) = 1.9; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.0, 3.6], and sweaty clothing and bedding (OR = 17.9; 95% CI = 8.7; 37.1) showed a significant association with the risk for SID. The pathophysiological basis for hyperthermia in SID remains to be determined. Hyperthermia could result from infection, overinsulation from excessive clothing with high environmental temperatures, covering of the infant's head or immature central thermoregulatory centres. The influence on the fatal outcome and the role in the pathogenesis of these deaths requires further research.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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