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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Complement system ; C1 inhibitor ; Bone marrow transplantation ; Capillary leak syndrome
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Capillary leak syndrome (CLS) is a severe complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). To investigate whether there is a pathogenetic role of the complement system, we monitored the levels of the terminal complement complex C5b-9 (TCC) and C3a-desArg as indicators of an activation of the complement system and the inhibitor of the classical pathway of the complement cascade, C1 inhibitor (C1-INH), in 48 bone marrow transplant recipients from 1 week before to 5 weeks after transplantation. Capillary leak syndrome developed in 7 out of 48 patients between days 1 and 12 after BMT. Complement activation as indicated by TCC levels was more pronounced in patients with CLS (n=7) from day −8 to +28 (p〈0.05; day −1) and the elevation of TCC levels lasted longer in CLS patients (peak day 21) than in patients without this complication (peak day 7). Mean C3a-desArg levels were highest in patients with CLS reaching a peak at day 7. During the early posttransplant period a significant elevation of C1-INH levels (p〈0.01 and p〈0.05 respectively) compared with baseline levels (day −8) was found in patients with and without CLS, which was more pronounced in those patients with CLS (p〈0.05). Although we could not observe an absolute C1-INH deficiency as compared to healthy individuals our data support the presence of a relative deficiency of the inhibitor which might explain the reported beneficial effects of C1-INH substitution in BMT related CLS.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-0584
    Keywords: Key words Complement system ; C1 inhibitor ; Bone marrow transplantation ; Capillary leak syndrome
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract  Capillary leak syndrome (CLS) is a severe complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). To investigate whether there is a pathogenetic role of the complement system, we monitored the levels of the terminal complement complex C5b-9 (TCC) and C3a-desArg as indicators of an activation of the complement system and the inhibitor of the classical pathway of the complement cascade, C1 inhibitor (C1-INH), in 48 bone marrow transplant recipients from 1 week before to 5 weeks after transplantation. Capillary leak syndrome developed in 7 out of 48 patients between days 1 and 12 after BMT. Complement activation as indicated by TCC levels was more pronounced in patients with CLS (n = 7) from day –8 to +28 (p〈0.05; day –1) and the elevation of TCC levels lasted longer in CLS patients (peak day 21) than in patients without this complication (peak day 7). Mean C3a-desArg levels were highest in patients with CLS reaching a peak at day 7. During the early posttransplant period a significant elevation of C1-INH levels (p〈0.01 and p〈0.05 respectively) compared with baseline levels (day –8) was found in patients with and without CLS, which was more pronounced in those patients with CLS (p〈0.05). Although we could not observe an absolute C1-INH deficiency as compared to healthy individuals our data support the presence of a relative deficiency of the inhibitor which might explain the reported beneficial effects of C1-INH substitution in BMT related CLS.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-1440
    Keywords: Tumor necrosis factor ; Cytokines ; Clinical applications
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Tumor necrosis factor is one of the recently cloned cytokines with pleiotropic effects on normal and malignant cells. Our knowledge about the scope of cells producing or responding to this cytokine has enormously expanded. In critically ill patients with acute hepatic failure, acute graft-versus-host disease, or septic shock, circulating tumor necrosis factor can be measured and useful prognostic correlations do exist. Despite promising in vitro results, early clinical trials with tumor necrosis factor for the treatment of cancer have failed thus far to reveal major antineoplastic activity in cancer patients. However, more clinical trials are necessary, since different routes of administration and combinations with other cytokines may lead to favorable results.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-2568
    Keywords: lusorian artery ; erosion ; gastrointestinal bleeding
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary A patient in an intensive care unit experienced severe esophageal bleeding caused by erosion of a lusorian artery. The lusorian artery is a rare variant of the right subclavian artery. It originates in the descending aortic arch and crosses behind the esophagus to the right, sometimes generating esophageal compression. The patient's condition required respirator therapy and placement of a duodenal tube. At the point of crossing over of the lusorian artery and the esophagus, the duodenal tube caused esophageal necrosis, leading to erosion of the lusorian artery. This resulted in extensive esophageal bleeding, which at last required surgical intervention. To attain proper treatment and to avoid unnecessary diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, a lusorian artery lesion has to be included in the differential diagnosis of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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