Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary There may exist an association between the genetically determined oxidation status of the antihypertensive agent debrisoquine (DEB) and the propensity to develop tumours. The metabolism of DEB is extensive in 90% of healthy subjects (metabolic ratio=MR=0–12.6; MR=% DEB excreted divided by % 4-hydroxy-DEB excreted) and poor in 10% (MR 〉12.6). In patients with cancer of the lung, urinary bladder, and gastrointestinum, the percentage of high metabolizers is increased to 〉98%. The poor metabolizer mode is almost devoid of cancer patients. It was investigated whether breast cancer patients show a similar association with respect to the oxidative status of DEB. 108 breast cancer patients and 123 women with benign gynecologic disorders received 1 tablet of 10 mg DEB orally in the evening. Urine was collected for the subsequent 8 hrs and analysed for its content of DEB and its main urinary metabolite 4-OH-DEB by means of HPLC. No decreased amount of poor metabolizers was seen in the cancer group.
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