Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
From a community-based study cohort of 1812 elementary schoolchildren we selected 129 unrelated participants to investigate the relevance of HLA-class II molecules (DPB, DQB, and DRB) to the regulation of immune response to the mite allergen Der p 1 and to clinical atopic disorders. On the basis of skin prick test results validated by measurement of specific IgE, individuals were selected and divided into three groups: group I (n = 20), controls without detectable specific IgE to common inhalant allergens; group II (n = 22), children sensitized only to non-mite allergens; group III (n = 85), children sensitized to Der p 1. Clinical history of asthma, eczema, and hay fever was ascertained using standardized questionnaires. In total, 43 different HLA class II alleles (DPB, n = 19; DQB, n = 14; and DRB, n = 10) were determined by sequence-specific oligonucleotide typing with PCR-amplified DNA. We were not able to demonstrate significant differences in gene frequencies of any HLA class II allele between the group of mite-sensitized children and one of the other two groups. However, the presence of certain DRB- and DPB-haplotypes (DRB *0100/*0300/*1100 and DPB *0201/*0401) was significantly associated (p 〈 0.01) with a history of asthma, hay fever, and atopy (defined as a history of asthma and/or hay fever and/or eczema). Other haplotypes, including DQB *0303/*0503, DRB *0200/*0700, and DPB 0402 were negatively associated with a history of eczema, hay fever, and atopy (p 〈 0.01). Thus, our findings do not suggest a relevance of HLA-class II molecules to mite allergy; however, some HLA class n haplotypes appear to be predictive of the incidence of atopic disorders.
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