Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Thirty-seven clinical isolates of coxsackievirus (CV) serotypes B-1, B-3, B-4, and B-5 were inoculated into male SJL mice. Twelve strains resulted in minor abnormalities of glucose metabolism in one or more of six infected mice (Table 1 and 2). Sequential infection of male SJL mice with CVB-3, CVB-4, and CVB-5 resulted in abnormal glucose metabolism in 25 percent of the mice (Fig. 1). The glucose index of the abnormal animals was similar to that produced by sequential infection with reovirus and cytomegalovirus but less than that seen with more severe beta cell tropic agents such as streptozotocin or encephalomyocarditis virus. Infection of autoimmune New Zealand (NZB×NZW) F1 male mice with CBV-3, CVB-4, and CVB-5 resulted in transient elevation of the blood glucose concentration associated with acute acinar pancreatitis (Fig. 2). In spite of recent evidence that infection with the coxsackie B viruses can result in human diabetes mellitus, the diabetogenic potential of CVB field strains appears to be limited. Diabetes mellitus may occur as a rare event, limited to genetically susceptible hosts. Autoimmune mechanisms or repeated infection with other CVB serotypes may convert minimal beta-cell destruction into clinically overt disease.
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