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  • 1
    Keywords: tumor ; AGENTS ; BLOOD ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; MODEL ; PERFUSION ; THERAPY ; VIVO ; imaging ; QUANTIFICATION ; VOLUME ; liver ; TISSUE ; TIME ; BLOOD-FLOW ; INDEX ; CONTRAST ; blood flow ; CONTRAST AGENT ; FLOW ; INJECTION ; BIOLOGY ; metastases ; US ; PARAMETERS ; tomography ; KINETICS ; LIVER METASTASES ; CONTRAST AGENTS ; POWER DOPPLER SONOGRAPHY ; INDUCED DESTRUCTION ; AGENT ; TRANSIT-TIME ; DESTRUCTION ; REAL-TIME ; tissue viability ; OCT ; ENHANCED SONOGRAPHY ; HEPATIC METASTASES ; HEPATIC PERFUSION ; low-MI ultrasound ; MATHEMATICAL-MODEL ; quantification of perfusion ; replenishment kinetics ; TUMOR PERFUSION ; ultrasound contrast agent
    Abstract: Low-MI (mechanical index) ultrasound allows real-time observation of replenishment kinetics after destruction ("flash") of ultrasound contrast agents (USCA). We developed an examination protocol and a mathematical model to quantify perfusion of liver tissue and hepatic metastases. Using a modified multivessel model, we attempted a consistent, physiological description of microbubble replenishment in liver tissue. Perfusion parameters were calculated, separately for the arterial and portal venous phase of liver perfusion, using an i.v. bolus injection of 2 x 2.4 mL SonoVue(R). The model was evaluated for 10 examinations of liver metastases using flash/low-MI imaging. In contrast to the established, exponential model, the new model consistently describes the sigmoid replenishment of USCA measured in vivo, using flash/low-MI imaging. Parameters for blood volume, blood velocity and blood flow in liver tissue and metastases can be calculated during the arterial and the portal venous phase after a CA bolus injection. The median arterial perfusion in the examined liver metastases was more than 2.5 times higher than in normal liver tissue, whereas the median perfusion during the portal venous phase was more than five times higher in the liver tissue than that in metastases. Microbubble replenishment measured with flash/low-MI US techniques can be consistently analyzed using the multivessel model, even after a bolus injection of USCA. This allows for the quantification of perfusion of liver tissue and hepatic metastases and provides promising parameters of tissue viability and tumor characterization. (C) 2004 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine Biology
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 15582235
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1432-2307
    Keywords: Mediastinal lymphoma ; Clear cell lymphoma ; Immunoglobulin-deficient B cell lymphoma
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary This is a report on 8 mediastinal tumours that occurred in young adults (19–43 years, mean: 29.4); predominantly in females (6/8). Initial symptoms consisted of thoracic pain and venectasia and in only one case in B symptoms. After surgical tumour reduction, radiation and/or chemotherapy, local recurrence was observed in each case under clinical care; abdominal spread is presently suspected in 3 patients; 3 died 11, 13 and 22 months after diagnosis. None developed leukaemia. The tumours are B-cell neoplasms with a characteristic immunophenotype: leucocyte common antigen+, common acute lymphoblastic leukaemia antigen−, B 1-antigen+, surface and cytoplasmic immunoglobulin−. Flow cytometry revealed DNA-diploidy in 7 cases and a moderately (3.2–3.8%) to extremely high (8.0–20.6%) S-phase component. The proliferation associated antigen Ki67 was detectable in 10–60% of the tumour cell nuclei, thus stressing the considerable or rapid growth. Histopathology is characterized by a diffuse growth pattern and a clearness and abundance of cytoplasm of the pleomorphic tumour cells, which vary in size and nuclear morphology from patient to patient. Apoptoses are more numerous than mitoses. Fibrosis and focal necrosis are common, sclerosis is present in 3 cases. We suggest that primary mediastinal lymphoma of B cell type is a novel B-lymphoma variant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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