Key wordsZymomonas mobilis
In vivo 31P-NMR
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The reasons for the well-known significantly different behaviour of the anaerobic, gram-negative, ethanologenic bacterium Zymomonas mobilis during growth on fructose (i.e. decreased growth and ethanol yields, increased by-product formation) as compared to that on its second natural substrate, glucose, have remained unexplained. A xylose-fermenting recombinant strain of Z. mobilis that was recently constructed in our laboratory also unexpectedly displayed an increased formation of by-products and a strongly reduced growth rate as compared to the parent strain. Therefore, a comprehensive study employing recently developed NMR-based methods for the in vivo analysis of intracellular phosphorylated pool sizes and metabolic fluxes was undertaken to enable a global characterization of the intracellular metabolic state of Z. mobilis during growth on 13C-labelled glucose, fructose and xylose in defined continuous cultures. The 13C-NMR flux analysis indicated that ribose 5-phosphate is synthesized via the nonoxidative pentose phosphate pathway in Z. mobilis, and it identified a metabolic bottleneck in the recombinant xylose-fermenting Z. mobilis strain at the level of heterologous xylulokinase. The 31P-NMR analyses revealed a global alteration of the levels of intracellular phosphorylated metabolites during growth on fructose as compared to that on glucose. The results suggest that this is primarily caused by an elevated concentration of intracellular fructose 6-phosphate.
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