Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Abstract: Previous studies have shown that certain peptides of the secretin-glucagon family stimulate tyrosine hydroxylase activity in sympathetic neurons of the superior cervical ganglion and three of its end organs, i.e., the iris, pineal gland, and submaxillary gland. To determine whether a similar regulation occurs in other sympathetic neurons, the effects of two of these peptides, secretin and vasoactive intestinal peptide, were examined in the right cardiac ventricle of the rat, a tissue innervated primarily by the middle and inferior cervical ganglia. Both peptides stimulated tyrosine hydroxylase activity, measured in situ, in this tissue. In addition, several second messenger systems were investigated as possible mediators of this peptidergic stimulation of tyrosine hydroxylase activity in autonomic end organs. 8-Bromoadenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate and forskolin elevated tyrosine hydroxylase activity in slices of both the right ventricle and the submaxillary gland. 8-Bromoguanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate also stimulated tyrosine hydroxylase activity in both tissues, whereas nitroprusside stimulated activity only in the submaxillary slices. Furthermore, the phosphodiesterase inhibitors 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine and/or Ro 20–1724 potentiated the stimulation by secretin, as well as the stimulations by forskolin and nitroprusside. Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate also stimulated tyrosine hydroxylase activity in cardiac and submaxillary slices; however, no potentiation of these effects was seen following addition of either phosphodiesterase inhibitor. These data, taken together with those of previous studies, suggest a role for a cyclic nucleotide, probably adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate, in the peptidergic stimulation of tyrosine hydroxylase activity in sympathetic nerve terminals.
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