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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Keywords Catalase ; messenger RNA ; kidney ; insulin ; superoxide dismutase.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Exposure to high glucose concentrations increases the mRNA levels of oxygen radical scavenging enzymes in cultured endothelial cells, suggesting a compensatory response to increased free radical production. To test the hypothesis that this response also occurs in vivo, Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD) and catalase mRNA levels, were measured in the kidneys of Sprague-Dawley rats 17 days after intravenous injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg body weight) and compared with those of control rats. Diabetic rats were either left untreated or given differing insulin regimens (2, 3–8, 6–10 IU/day) in two different experiments that were designed to achieve varying degrees of metabolic control. Cu,Zn-SOD and catalase mRNA levels were measured by Northern blot hybridization and standardized by 28S ribosomal RNA determination. Renal Cu,Zn-SOD and catalase mRNA levels were significantly greater in untreated diabetic and in low-dose (2 IU/day) insulin-treated rats than in controls. Treatment with a moderate dose (3–8 IU/day) of insulin normalized catalase but not Cu,Zn-SOD mRNA levels. The highest insulin regimen (6–10 IU/day), in addition to achieving complete metabolic control as evidenced by normal growth and plasma glucose levels, normalized both catalase and Cu,Zn-SOD mRNA levels. Thus, in rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes Cu,Zn-SOD and catalase renal mRNA levels are greater than in normal rats. This difference is prevented by sufficient insulin dosage to normalize plasma glucose and might be due to an increased production of free radicals. [Diabetologia (1997) 40: 23–29]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2230
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1432-0428
    Keywords: Keywords Angiotensin II ; autoradiography ; captopril ; insulin receptors ; mRNA.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Both the density and level of mRNA encoding insulin receptors in the kidney are inversely related to the dietary sodium content, suggesting a feedback mechanism that limits the insulin-induced sodium retention when extracellular fluid volume is expanded. Because angiotensin II affects tissue sensitivity to insulin in humans, we investigated whether angiotensin II affects insulin receptor binding and mRNA levels in the kidney, liver, and renal arteries of normal rats and rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus. Non-diabetic and diabetic rats were infused for 7 days with either vehicle or angiotensin II at a rate of 200 ng · kg−1· min−1. In a separate experiment, normal rats were treated with an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (captopril, 100 mg/dl in the drinking water) or vehicle for 7 days. Regional analysis of insulin receptor binding in the kidney and renal arteries was performed by an in situ technique using computerized microdensitometry and emulsion autoradiography. Insulin receptor mRNA levels were determined in renal and hepatic tissue by Northern blot hybridization and normalized with 28S rRNA. No differences in blood pressure were observed among diabetic and non-diabetic rats infused with either vehicle or angiotensin II, whereas captopril-treated rats had significantly lower blood pressure levels than their respective controls. Angiotensin II significantly decreased plasma renin concentration in both non-diabetic and diabetic rats. Insulin receptor number was significantly greater in the renal cortex of diabetic rats than in non-diabetics, whereas no significant differences were found in the outer medulla, inner medulla, or renal arteries. Angiotensin II infusion did not affect either the number or affinity of insulin receptors in any of the renal regions studied. Insulin receptor mRNA levels were significantly greater in the kidney and liver of diabetic rats than in non-diabetics and were not affected by angiotensin II infusion. Similar to angiotensin II infusion, captopril treatment did not affect either renal insulin receptor binding or mRNA levels. Thus, diabetic rats have increased insulin receptor binding and mRNA levels in comparison to non-diabetic rats. Angiotensin II infusion and captopril treatment do not affect insulin receptor binding and mRNA levels in the kidney, arguing against a role for this peptide in the modulation of renal sensitivity to insulin. [Diabetologia (1997) 40: 770–777]
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK; Malden, USA : Munksgaard International Publishers
    Contact dermatitis 53 (2005), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1600-0536
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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