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  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The Escherichia coli arginine repressor (ArgR) is an l-arginine-dependent DNA-binding protein that controls expression of the arginine biosynthetic genes and is required as an accessory protein in Xer site-specific recombination at cer and related recombination sites in plasmids. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to isolate two mutants of E. coli ArgR that were defective in arginine binding. Results from in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrate that these mutants still act as repressors and bind their specific DNA sequences in an arginine-independent manner. Both mutants support Xer site-specific recombination at cer. One of the mutant proteins was purified and shown to bind to its DNA target sequences in vitro with different affinity and as a different molecular species to wild-type ArgR.
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Molecular genetics and genomics 140 (1975), S. 349-353 
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Mitomycin C treatment of Escherichia coli cells containing one of the ColE plasmids results in specific inhibition of chromosomal protein synthesis and a high rate of protein synthesis from about 35% of the plasmid genome, whereas similar treatment of plasmid-free cells has no measureable effect on protein synthesis. In the case of ColE2-and ColE3-containing cells, the antibiotic colicin protein (molecular weight about 78000) and two others (molecular weight about 11000 and 6000) are coordinately synthesized in the approximate molar ratio 1:4:1, while in ColE1-containing cells only the colicin protein is synthesized in large amounts. Partially purified colicin E2 isolated from the outer cell surface is associated with the two small proteins in the approximate molar ratio 1:1:1, indicating that not are they only synthesized coordinately but are released as a ternary complex.
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: ColE1 ; Plasmid mobilization ; Overlapping genes ; Site-directed mutagenesis ; Relaxation complex
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary A third of the 6.6 kb genome of ColE1 is devoted to mobilization (mob) genes necessary to promote its specific transfer in the presence of conjugative plasmids. Themob region is genetically complex: twomob genes are entirely overlapped by a third. Oligonucleotide-directed mutagenesis was used to insert an amber codon into one of the overlapped genes and make possible a full complementation analysis ofmob. Fourmob genes essential for mobilization by R64drd11 were thus identified. Fragments ofmob were subcloned under control of the Ptac promoter in a suitable vector, overexpressed in minicells and the mobilization proteins visualized. A comprehensive alignment of themob region of ColE1 with those of its close relatives ColK and ColA demonstrating that the four essentialmob genes are conserved is also presented.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary After transfer from a mutagenized host, twenty one ColE2 plasmid mutants were isolated after screening 10,000 clones for abnormal colicin production. Analysis by SDS polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis of proteins synthesized after mitomycin C-induction of mutant cultures, indicates that all but two of the mutations are in the structural gene for colicin E2. Of these, nine produce fragments of colicin in both whole cells and minicells and some are suppressed by nonsense suppressors. Studies with a nonsense mutant producing only a small colicin E2 fragment (ColE2-421) suggest that colicin E2 is not involved in plasmid DNA replication, in the control of its own synthesis, or required for cell death when cells become committed to colicin production. The two plasmid mutants outside the colicin gene segregate plasmid-free cells at 33°, 37° and 43°. One segregates fairly rapidly (about 4% per generation) though the colicin-producing cells make normal amounts of colicin, whilst the other segregates more slowly and the colicin-producing cells make much reduced amounts of colicin.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary We have studied the segregation kinetics of the bacterial plasmid ColE1 from a population of cells temperature sensitive for DNA polymerase I. The results indicate that there are about twelve plasmid copies per cell of the strain used and that segregation is probably random.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Sequences essential for the conjugal transfer of ColE1 can be divided into a cis-acting site and a region encoding trans-acting products. Each of these was successively cloned into a non-transmissible plasmid vector. The resulting chimera was transmissible by the conjugative plasmids F'lac,pro (incFI) and R64drd11 (incIα). The sequences encoding colicin E1, immunity, and incompatibility were absent from this chimera: therefore they are not essential for the conjugal transmission of the ColE1 plasmid. In contrast to ColE1, however, the same chimera was deficient in conjugal transfer initiated by R751 (incP) and R388 (incW). This suggests that ColEl sequences other than those cloned in the chimeric plasmid are necessary for its mobilization by R751 and R388. Three such regions were revealed by screening a series of ColE1 insertion mutants for transfer by R751 and R388. Two of these regions encode no other known function while the third is encoded by a region which overlaps the gene for colicin E1 itself.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Keywords: ColE1 ; Mobilization ; Transfer origin ; Lambda plasmid vectors ; Integration
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Summary Mobilization of the plasmid ColE1 from cells containing a conjugative plasmid (such as F) requires the synthesis of ColE1 mob proteins, and the presence, in cis, of bom (basis of mobility), a region of ColE1 containing the origin of transfer (oriT). The process of ColE1 transfer is thought to resemble that of the conjugative plasmid F, although the plasmids share little sequence homology. In F, conjugation is preceded by a strand-specific nicking event at oriT. The nicked strand is then conducted to the recipient with the 5′ end leading. This is believed also to occur with ColE1, but direct biochemical confirmation has been precluded by its small size (6.65 kb). To test this hypothesis genetically, a novel method, using a λdv-based vector, has been devised to site-specifically integrate bom (or any other cloned sequence) into the chromosome of Escherichia coli. When provided with suitable mobilizing plasmids, such strains were found to transfer the chromosome in a polar way. From these data, the orientation of transfer of ColE1 was deduced and shown to be analogous to F.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1545-9985
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: [Auszug] The bacterial septum-located DNA translocase FtsK coordinates circular chromosome segregation with cell division. Rapid translocation of DNA by FtsK is directed by 8-base-pair DNA motifs (KOPS), so that newly replicated termini are brought together at the developing septum, thereby facilitating ...
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 300 (1982), S. 294-294 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] In response to an enquiry from Mr R. Parker of New Haven, Conneticut: In 1979, Dr D. H. Watson and I reported N-terminal and C-terminal amino acid sequences for colicin El1. In the same paper we also described a cell-envelope-associated proteolytic activity that cleaved colicins El, E2, E3 and K ...
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: In Escherichia coli, chromosome dimers are resolved to monomers by the addition of a single cross-over at a specific locus on the chromosome, dif. Recombination is performed by two tyrosine recombinases, XerC and XerD, and requires the action of an additional protein, FtsK. We show that Haemophilus influenzae FtsK activates recombination by H. influenzae XerCD at H. influenzae dif. However, it cannot activate recombination by E. coli XerCD. Reciprocally, E. coli FtsK cannot activate recombination by the H. influenzae recombinases at H. influenzae dif. We took advantage of this species specificity to gain further insight into the mechanism of activation of Xer recombination at dif by FtsK. We mapped the region of FtsK implicated in species specificity to the extreme 140-amino-acid C-terminal residues of the protein. Our results suggest that FtsK interacts directly with XerCD in order to activate recombination at dif.
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