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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Macmillian Magazines Ltd.
    Nature 402 (1999), S. 203-207 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis due to the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is essential for separation of sister chromatids, requiring degradation of the anaphase inhibitor Pds1, and for exit from mitosis, requiring inactivation of cyclin B Cdk1 kinases. Exit from mitosis in yeast ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Subject(s): Heat shock response ; HSP70 ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; RAS-CAMP pathway ; Multicopy suppressor of ira1
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: abstract The MSI3 gene was isolated as a multicopy suppressor of the heat shock-sensitive phenotype of the iral mutation, which causes hyperactivation of the RAS-cAMP pathway. Overexpression of MSI3 also suppresses the heat shock-sensitive phenotype of the bcyl mutant. Determination of the DNA sequence of MSI3 revealed that MSI3 can encode a 77.4 kDa protein related to the HSP70 family. The amino acid sequence of Msi3p is about 30% identical to that of the Ssalp of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This contrasts with the finding that members of the HSP70 family generally show at least 50% amino acid identity. The consensus nucleotide sequence of the heat shock element (HSE) was found in the upstream region of MSI3. Moreover, the steady-state levels of the MSI3 mRNA and protein were increased upon heat shock. These results indicate that the MSI3 gene encodes a novel HSP70-like heat shock protein. Disruption of the MSI3 gene was associated with a temperature sensitive growth phenotype but unexpectedly, thermotolerance was enhanced in the disruptant.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1617-4623
    Subject(s): Key words Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Cell cycle ; LTE1 ; CDC15 ; CDC14
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract  LTE1 encodes a homolog of GDP-GTP exchange factors for the Ras superfamily and is required at low temperatures for cell cycle progression at the stage of the termination of M phase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We isolated extragenic suppressors which suppress the cold sensitivity of lte1 cells and confer a temperature-sensitive phenotype on cells. Cells mutant for the suppressor alone were arrested at telophase at non-permissive temperatures and the terminal phenotype was almost identical to that of lte1 cells at non-permissive temperatures. Genetic analysis revealed that the suppressor is allelic to CDC15, which encodes a protein kinase. The cdc15 mutations thus isolated were recessive with regard to the temperature-sensitive phenotype and were dominant with respect to suppression of lte1. We isolated CDC14 as a low-copy-number suppressor of cdc15-rlt1. CDC14 encodes a phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) and is essential for termination of M phase. An extra copy of CDC14 suppressed the temperature sensitivity of cdc15-rlt1 cells, but not that of cdc15-1 cells. In addition, some residues that are essential for the Cdc14 PTPase activity were found to be non-essential for the suppression. These results strongly indicate that Cdc14 possesses dual functions; PTPase activity is needed for one function but not for the other. We postulate that the cooperative action of Cdc14 and Cdc15 plays an essential role in the termination of M phase.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Yeast 10 (1994), S. 451-461 
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Subject(s): RAS-cAMP pathway ; CDC25 family ; cell division cycle mutation ; S. cerevisiae ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: We have identified MS12 as a gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae which, when on a multicopy vector, suppresses the heat shock sensitivity caused by the loss of the IRA1 product, a negative regulator of the RAS protein. The multicopy MSI2 also suppresses the heat shock sensitivity of cells with the RAS2val19 mutation but not those with the bcy1 mutation, suggesting that the MSI2 protein may interfere with the activity of the RAS protein. The sequence analysis of MSI2 reveals that it is identical to LTE1 belonging to the CDC25 family: CDC25, SCD25 and BUD5, each of which encodes a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the ras superfamily gene products. Deletion of the entire MSI2 coding region reveals that MSI2 is not essential but the disruptant shows a cold-sensitive phenotype. Under the non-permissive conditions, more than 70% of the msi2 disruptants arrested at telophase as large budded cells with two nuclei divided completely and elongated spindles, indicating that the msi2 deletion is a cell division cycle mutation. These results suggest that MSI2 is involved in the termination of M phase and that this process is regulated by a ras superfamily gene product.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2021-09-01
    Print ISSN: 1534-5807
    Electronic ISSN: 1878-1551
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Published by Cell Press
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