Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
We synthesized porcine neuropeptide Y (pNPY) N-terminal fragments by solid-phase synthesis techniques and analyzed them for solution Conformational properties by CD and 1H-nmr spectroscopy. The analogues pNPY1-9 and pNPY1-14 displayed CD spectra indicative of random structures and showed no evidence for induced α-helical structures in trifluoroethanol (TFE) up to 50%. However, the CD spectra of pNPY1-9 suggested a Conformational shift in tetrahydrofuran. Although in aqueous solution the CD spectra of pNPY1-21 indicated random structures with induction of only a small percentage of α-helix in aqueous TFE, pNPY1-25 displayed 13% a-helical structure in aqueous solution that increased to 40 and 41% by the addition of TFE and methanol, respectively. The nmr spectra of pNPY1-9 and the proline region of pNPY1-25 indicated extended structures with all-trans conformers at Pro5 and Pro8 for pNPY1-9 and at Pro5, Pro8, and Pro13 for pNPY1-25; in each case the Tyrl-Pro2 amide bond was in both cis and trans conformations. However, observed nuclear Overhauser effect correlations and UN exchange experiments indicated an α-helical segment in pNPY1-25 initiated by Pro 13 and extending from residues 14 to 25. Thus, the N-terminal polyproline region of NPY has no propensity to fold into a regular secondary structure, although Pro 13 is a helix initiator, a result consistent with the proposed role of this amino acid in the NPY structural model. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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