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  • 1
    ISSN: 1420-9071
    Keywords: Key words. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis; mass spectrometry; cell transformation.
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract. Signalling via the protein kinase Raf-MEK-ERK pathway is of major importance for transformation by oncogenes. To identify genes affected by inhibition of this pathway, c-JUN transformed rat fibroblasts were treated with a MEK1 inhibitor (PD98059) and subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis after cell lysis. Gene products with expression influenced by MEK1 inhibition were determined by mass spectrometry of fragments from in-gel tryptic digestions. The expression of pirin, a nuclear factor I-interacting protein, was lowered after inhibition of MEK1. Western blot analysis revealed increased expression of pirin in RAS and c-JUN transformed cells in the absence of PD98059. Inhibition of MEK1 also led to reduced expression of α-enolase, phosphoglycerate kinase, elongation factor 2 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A3, the latter two being detected as truncated proteins. In contrast, the level of ornithine aminotransferase was increased. We conclude that inhibition of MEK1 results in major alterations of protein expression in c-JUN transformed cells, suggesting that this pathway is important for oncogene-induced phenotypic changes.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-675X
    Keywords: apoptosis ; chemotherapy resistance ; clonogenicity ; ras
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Mutationally activated Ras is involved in tumor progression and likely also in drug resistance. Using survival, viability and apoptosis assays, we have here compared the cisplatin sensitivities of FR3T3 rat fibroblasts and a 12V-H-ras transformed subline (Ras2:3). Around 24 h after cisplatin treatment Ras2:3 cells showed higher apoptosis levels and lower viability than FR3T3. This increased sensitivity correlated with weaker cisplatin-induced activation of Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). In contrast to apoptosis assays, colony formation assays showed that Ras2:3 were more resistant to cisplatin than were FR3T3. This was partly due to the increased cisplatin sensitivity of FR3T3 seeded at low densities, as required in colony formation assays. In addition, Ras2:3 cisplatin survivors had a higher relative proliferative capacity. Cell cycle analyses showed that FR3T3 cells initially responded with a dose-dependent G2 arrest, while Ras2:3 accumulated in S-phase. Experiments with an anti-apoptotic mutant of MEKK1 suggested that the apoptotic response of Ras2:3 cells is not specific to the S-phase fraction. In summary, the cisplatin response of ras-transformed fibroblasts is distinct from that of parental cells, in that they show increased apoptosis, a different cell cycle response and increased post-treatment proliferative capacity. The results illustrate the need to carefully consider methods and protocols for in vitro studies on chemotherapy sensitivity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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