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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 333 (1988), S. 367-370 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Fig. 1 Imposed temporal correlation between visual afferent activity and postsynaptic firing induced iontophoretically. a, For each cell, the shape of the action potential (calibration bars, 1 mV and 1 ms) was continuously monitored on a digital scope to ensure that the same neuron was recorded ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1460-9568
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: During normal brain operations, cortical neurons are subjected to continuous cholinergic modulations. In vitro studies have indicated that, in addition to affecting general cellular excitability, acetylcholine also modulates synaptic transmission. Whether these cholinergic mechanisms lead to a modulation of functional connectivity in vivo is not yet known. Herein, the effects were studied of an iontophoretic application of acetylcholine and of the muscarinic agonist, carbachol, on the ongoing activity and co-activity of neurons simultaneously recorded in the auditory cortex of the anaesthetized guinea-pig. Iontophoresis of cholinergic agonists mainly affected the spontaneous firing rates of auditory neurons, affected autocorrelations less (in most cases their central peak areas were reduced), and rarely affected cross-correlations. These findings are consistent with cholinergic agonists primarily affecting the excitability of cortical neurons rather than the strength of cortical connections. However, when changes of cross-correlations occurred, they were usually not correlated with concomitant changes in average firing rates nor with changes in autocorrelations, which suggests a secondary cholinergic effect on specific cortico-cortical or thalamo-cortical connections.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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