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  • 1
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Diabetes ; Gastroenterology ; Biomedicine ; Biomedicine general ; Human Physiology ; Diabetes ; Gastroenterology ; Springer eBooks
    Pages: : digital
    ISBN: 9789048190607
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  • 2
    Keywords: Medicine ; Human Physiology ; Gastroenterology ; Biomedicine ; Human Physiology ; Gastroenterology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Regulation of Gastrointestinal Functions -- Gastrointestinal Motility -- Gastric Physiology -- Exocrine Pancreatic Physiology -- Intestinal Water and Electrolyte Transport -- Digestion and Absorption of Carbohydrates and Proteins -- Digestion and Absorption of Dietary Triglycerides -- Digestion and Absorption of Other Dietary Lipids -- Absorption of Water Soluble Vitamins and Minerals -- Structure, Functional Assessment and Blood Flow -- Protein Synthesis and Nutrient Metabolism -- Biotransformation, Elimination and Bile Acid Metabolism
    Abstract: This book presents basic concepts and principles of normal gastrointestinal physiology and, most importantly, conveys an understanding of how to apply this knowledge to abnormal gastrointestinal physiology in the clinical context. The ultimate goal of this work is to let the readers have an integrated systems-based approach in order to be able to grasp knowledge on gastrointestinal disease and its management. Human gastrointestinal physiology is the study of our gastrointestinal system that addresses the regulation and integration of major physiological functions, i.e. motility, secretion, digestion, absorption and blood flow, as well as immunity. The coordination of these physiological processes is vital for the maintenance of gastrointestinal health, and thus any dysregulation will result in gastrointestinal disease. In this book, the understanding of basic gastrointestinal concepts and principles are illustrated by scenario-based clinical case presentations, critical for bedside care and also for preparation for professional examinations, and for being able to deal with future developments in clinical care. In this handbook, the aim is to achieve these various objectives by covering the breadth of gastrointestinal system. The contents are, therefore, designed to fall systemically into three core sections, namely Gastrointestinal Physiology (Part I), Nutritional Physiology (Part II) and Hepatobiliary Physiology (Part III), with closely relevant scenario-based clinical case studies at the end of each chapter to help students learn to apply their growing knowledge of basic gastrointestinal science, in the clinical setting. Last but by no means least, we provide a wide range of multiple-choice-questions (Part IV) so that students can evaluate their understanding of the basic science in each area of the GI system and to develop the students’ ability to apply their knowledge to solving clinical problems
    Pages: XIII, 364 p. 161 illus., 108 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789401787710
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  • 3
    Keywords: Medicine ; Microbiology ; Emerging infectious diseases ; Tropical Medicine ; Veterinary Medicine ; Biomedicine ; Medical Microbiology ; Infectious Diseases ; Veterinary Medicine ; Tropical Medicine ; Medicine/Public Health, general ; Microbiology ; Springer eBooks
    Description / Table of Contents: Part I Zoonoses in food-chain animals with public health relevance -- Part II Zoonoses in food-chain and domestic animals: focus on antibiotic resistance -- Part III Important zoonoses in non-food animals -- Part IV Zoonoses in domestic animals -- Part V Zoonoses of wildlife species -- Part VI Waterborne Zoonoses -- Part VII Emerging and re-emerging zoonoses -- Part VIII Nature is the greatest bioterrorist: Zoonotic pathogens as bioterroristic agents -- Part IX Controversial or non-resolved issues -- Part X Economic and ecological aspects of zoonoses -- Index
    Abstract: The book will cover the most important zoonoses with a public health impact and debate actual developments in this field from a One Health perspective. The outline of the book follows a “setting” approach, i.e. special settings of zoonoses with a public health aspect, rather than presenting a simple textbook or encyclopedic character. Main chapters will deal with zoonoses in the food chain including a special focus on the emerging issue of antibiotic resistance, with zoonoses in domestic and pet animals, in wildlife animal species (including bats as an important infectious agent multiplier), influenza and tuberculosis as most prominent zoonoses, and zoonotic pathogens as bioterroristic agents. Special interest chapters debate non-resolved and currently hotly debated zoonoses (e.g. M. Crohn/paratuberculosis, chronic botulism) as well as the economic and ecological aspects of zoonoses
    Pages: XIX, 1143 p. 40 illus., 20 illus. in color. : online resource.
    ISBN: 9789401794572
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen Listeria monocytogenes dramatically increases the expression of several key virulence factors upon entry into the host cell cytosol. actA, the protein product of which is required for cell-to-cell spread of the bacterium, is expressed at low to undetectable levels in vitro and increases in expression more than 200-fold after L. monocytogenes escape from the phagosome. To identify bacterial factors that participate in the intracellular induction of actA expression, L. monocytogenes mutants expressing high levels of actA during in vitro growth were selected after chemical mutagenesis. The resulting mutant isolates displayed a wide range of actA expression levels, and many were less sensitive to environmental signals that normally mediate repression of virulence gene expression. Several isolates contained mutations affecting actA gene expression that mapped at least 40 kb outside the PrfA regulon, supporting the existence of additional regulatory factors that contribute to virulence gene expression. Two actA in vitro expression mutants contained novel mutations within PrfA, a key regulator of L. monocytogenes virulence gene expression. PrfA E77K and PrfA G155S mutations resulted in high-level expression of PrfA-dependent genes, increased bacterial invasion of epithelial cells and increased virulence in mice. Both prfA mutant strains were significantly less motile than wild-type L. monocytogenes. These results suggest that, although constitutive activation of PrfA and PrfA-dependent gene expression may enhance L. monocytogenes virulence, it may conversely hamper the bacterium's ability to compete in environments outside host cells.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  Kongress Medizin und Gesellschaft 2007; 20070917-20070921; Augsburg; DOC07gmds772 /20070906/
    Publication Date: 2007-09-07
    Keywords: FSME ; Surveillance ; ELISA ; Neutralisationstest ; Flaviviren ; ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-02-15
    Description: This contribution provides an analysis report of the recent proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)". It summarizes some benchmarks and the overall assessment of results reported by all of the participating laboratories. A highly desired scheme for external quality assessment (EQAS) of molecular diagnostic methods in the field of medical microbiology was activated in 2002 by the German Society of Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) and is now organized by INSTAND e.V., Düsseldorf, Germany. This segment of the INSTAND e.V. proficiency testing program is open for diagnostic laboratories worldwide. The concept of this EQAS scheme, which is in accordance to the German RiLiBÄK, part B3, is based on two validation rounds per year (spring and autumn) and a permanently expanding coverage of relevant bacterial or fungal pathogens. Briefly, next to "simply negative" samples the corresponding sets of QC specimens may contain some strong-positive samples, samples spiked with clinical variants or species closely related to the target organisms. Further information as well as the statistically documented and discussed results of the past rounds of this proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)" can be found at the homepage of INSTAND e.V. (http://www.instand-ev.de). Although the preferred language of these documents is German, we are aiming to provide at least a brief discussion of the results and some key issues in English and keep the tables in a bilingual style.
    Description: Der vorliegende Beitrag liefert einen Auswertungsbericht der jüngsten Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis PCR/NAT". Er fasst die Zielwerte, einige Bezugsgrößen und die Gesamtbewertung der Ergebnisse aller teilnehmenden Laboratorien zusammen.Diese hochwillkommene Versuchsreihe zur externen Qualitätskontrolle (EQAS; external quality assessment scheme ) von Methoden der molekularen Diagnostik auf dem Gebiet der medizinischen Mikrobiologie wurde 2002 von der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM) angestoßen und wird seither von Instand e.V., Düsseldorf, organisiert. Dieses Segment der INSTAND e.V.-Ringversuchsserie wird für diagnostische Laboratorien weltweit angeboten. Unser Ringversuchskonzept entspricht der aktuellen Richtlinie der Bundesärztekammer zur Qualitätssicherung laboratoriumsmedizinischer Untersuchungen (RiLiBÄK), Teil B3, und basiert auf zwei Validierungsrunden pro Jahr (im Frühjahr und Herbst) unter einer permanent wachsenden Abdeckung der relevanten bakteriellen und fungalen humanpathogenen Erreger. Die entsprechenden Sets von Quality Control (QC)-Proben können dabei neben negativen Proben auch einige stark-positive Proben, Proben mit klinischen Varianten oder eng mit den Zielorganismen verwandte Spezies oder klinische Isolate enthalten. Weitergehende Informationen sowie die statistisch aufgearbeiteten und dokumentierten Ergebnisse der vergangenen Runden dieser Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis (PCR/NAT)" können auf der Homepage von Instand e.V. (http://www.instand-ev.de) eingesehen werden. Obwohl die bevorzugte Sprache dieser Dokumente deutsch ist, streben wir an, zumindest eine kurze Diskussion der Ergebnisse sowie die wichtigsten wissenschaftlichen Aspekte in Englisch bereitzustellen und die Tabellen zweisprachig zu gestalten.
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: article
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  • 7
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  21. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Arzneimittelanwendungsforschung und Arzneimittelepidemiologie, 9. Deutscher Pharmakovigilanztag; 20141120-20141121; Bonn; DOC14gaa04 /20141118/
    Publication Date: 2014-11-19
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: English
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2015-08-19
    Description: This contribution provides a report on the recent proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)". It summarizes some benchmarks and the overall assessment of results reported by all of the participating laboratories. This highly requested scheme for external quality assessment (EQAS) of molecular diagnostic methods in the field of medical microbiology was launched in 2002 by the German Society of Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) and is now organized by INSTAND e.V., Düsseldorf, Germany. This segment of the INSTAND e.V. proficiency testing program is open for diagnostic laboratories worldwide. The concept of this EQAS scheme, which is in accordance to the "Directive of the German Medical Association for quality assurance of medical laboratory examinations" (RiLiBÄK), part B3, is based on two validation rounds per year (spring and autumn) and a permanently expanding coverage of relevant bacterial or fungal pathogens. Briefly, next to "simply negative" samples the corresponding sets of quality control (QC) specimens may contain some strong-positive samples, samples spiked with clinical variants or species closely related to the target organisms. Further information as well as the statistically documented and discussed results of the past rounds of this proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)" can be found at the homepage of INSTAND e.V. (http://www.instandev.de). Although the preferred language of these documents is German, we are aiming to provide at least a brief discussion of the results and some key issues in English and keep the tables in a bilingual version.
    Description: Der vorliegende Beitrag liefert einen Auswertungsbericht der jüngsten Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis PCR/NAT". Er fasst die Zielwerte, einige Bezugsgrößen und die Gesamtbewertung der Ergebnisse aller teilnehmenden Laboratorien zusammen. Diese hochwillkommene Versuchsreihe zur externen Qualitätskontrolle (EQAS, external quality assessment scheme ) von Methoden der molekularen Diagnostik auf dem Gebiet der medizinischen Mikrobiologie wurde 2002 von der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM) angestoßen und wird seither von Instand e.V., Düsseldorf organisiert. Dieses Segment der INSTAND e.V.-Ringversuchsserie wird für diagnostische Laboratorien weltweit angeboten. Unser Ringversuchskonzept entspricht der aktuellen Richtlinie der Bundesärztekammer zur Qualitätssicherung laboratoriumsmedizinischer Untersuchungen (RiLiBÄK), Teil B3, und basiert auf zwei Validierungsrunden pro Jahr (im Frühjahr und Herbst) unter einer permanent wachsenden Abdeckung der relevanten bakteriellen und fungalen humanpathogenen Erreger. Die entsprechenden Sets von Quality Control (QC)-Proben können dabei neben negativen Proben auch einige stark-positive Proben, Proben mit klinischen Varianten oder eng mit den Zielorganismen verwandte Spezies oder klinische Isolate enthalten. Weitergehende Informationen sowie die statistisch aufgearbeiteten und dokumentierten Ergebnisse der vergangenen Runden dieser Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis (PCR/NAT)" können auf der Homepage von Instand e.V. (http://www.instandev.de) eingesehen werden. Obwohl die bevorzugte Sprache dieser Dokumente deutsch ist, streben wir an, zumindest eine kurze Diskussion der Ergebnisse sowie die wichtigsten wissenschaftlichen Aspekte in Englisch bereitzustellen und die Tabellen zweisprachig zu gestalten.
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: article
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2015-08-19
    Description: This contribution provides an analysis report of the recent proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)". It summarizes some benchmarks and the overall assessment of results reported by all of the participating laboratories. A highly desired scheme for external quality assessment (EQAS) of molecular diagnostic methods in the field of medical microbiology was activated in 2002 by the German Society of Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) and is now organized by INSTAND e.V., Düsseldorf, Germany. This segment of the INSTAND e.V. proficiency testing program is open for diagnostic laboratories worldwide. The concept of this EQAS scheme, which is in accordance to the "Directive of the German Medical Association for quality assurance of medical laboratory examinations" (RiLiBÄK), part B3, is based on two validation rounds per year (spring and autumn) and a permanently expanding coverage of relevant bacterial or fungal pathogens. Briefly, next to "simply negative" samples the corresponding sets of quality control (QC) specimens may contain some strong-positive samples, samples spiked with clinical variants or species closely related to the target organisms. Further information as well as the statistically documented and discussed results of the past rounds of this proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)" can be found at the homepage of INSTAND e.V. (http://www.instandev.de). Although the preferred language of these documents is German, we are aiming to provide at least a brief discussion of the results and some key issues in English and keep the tables in a bilingual style.
    Description: Der vorliegende Beitrag liefert einen Auswertungsbericht der jüngsten Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis PCR/NAT". Er fasst die Zielwerte, einige Bezugsgrößen und die Gesamtbewertung der Ergebnisse aller teilnehmenden Laboratorien zusammen. Diese hochwillkommene Versuchsreihe zur externen Qualitätskontrolle (EQAS, external quality assessment scheme ) von Methoden der molekularen Diagnostik auf dem Gebiet der medizinischen Mikrobiologie wurde 2002 von der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM) angestoßen und wird seither von Instand e.V., Düsseldorf organisiert. Dieses Segment der INSTAND e.V.-Ringversuchsserie wird für diagnostische Laboratorien weltweit angeboten. Unser Ringversuchskonzept entspricht der aktuellen Richtlinie der Bundesärztekammer zur Qualitätssicherung laboratoriumsmedizinischer Untersuchungen (RiLiBÄK), Teil B3, und basiert auf zwei Validierungsrunden pro Jahr (im Frühjahr und Herbst) unter einer permanent wachsenden Abdeckung der relevanten bakteriellen und fungalen humanpathogenen Erreger. Die entsprechenden Sets von Quality Control (QC)-Proben können dabei neben negativen Proben auch einige stark-positive Proben, Proben mit klinischen Varianten oder eng mit den Zielorganismen verwandte Spezies oder klinische Isolate enthalten. Weitergehende Informationen sowie die statistisch aufgearbeiteten und dokumentierten Ergebnisse der vergangenen Runden dieser Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis (PCR/NAT)" können auf der Homepage von Instand e.V. (http://www.instandev.de) eingesehen werden. Obwohl die bevorzugte Sprache dieser Dokumente deutsch ist, streben wir an, zumindest eine kurze Diskussion der Ergebnisse sowie die wichtigsten wissenschaftlichen Aspekte in Englisch bereitzustellen und die Tabellen zweisprachig zu gestalten.
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: article
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2015-08-19
    Description: This contribution provides an analysis report of the recent proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)". It summarizes some benchmarks and the overall assessment of results reported by all of the participating laboratories. A highly desired scheme for external quality assessment (EQAS) of molecular diagnostic methods in the field of medical microbiology was activated in 2002 by the German Society of Hygiene and Microbiology (DGHM) and is now organized by INSTAND e.V., Düsseldorf, Germany. This segment of the INSTAND e.V. proficiency testing program is open for diagnostic laboratories worldwide. The concept of this EQAS scheme, which is in accordance to the "Directive of the German Medical Association for quality assurance of medical laboratory examinations" (RiLiBÄK), part B3, is based on two validation rounds per year (spring and autumn) and a permanently expanding coverage of relevant bacterial or fungal pathogens. Briefly, next to "simply negative" samples the corresponding sets of quality control (QC) specimens may contain some strong-positive samples, samples spiked with clinical variants or species closely related to the target organisms. Further information as well as the statistically documented and discussed results of the past rounds of this proficiency testing scheme "Bacterial and Fungal Genome Detection (PCR/NAT)" can be found at the homepage of INSTAND e.V. (http://www.instandev.de). Although the preferred language of these documents is German, we are aiming to provide at least a brief discussion of the results and some key issues in English and keep the tables in a bilingual style.
    Description: Der vorliegende Beitrag liefert einen Auswertungsbericht der jüngsten Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis PCR/NAT". Er fasst die Zielwerte, einige Bezugsgrößen und die Gesamtbewertung der Ergebnisse aller teilnehmenden Laboratorien zusammen. Diese hochwillkommene Versuchsreihe zur externen Qualitätskontrolle (EQAS, external quality assessment scheme ) von Methoden der molekularen Diagnostik auf dem Gebiet der medizinischen Mikrobiologie wurde 2002 von der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie (DGHM) angestoßen und wird seither von Instand e.V., Düsseldorf organisiert. Dieses Segment der INSTAND e.V.-Ringversuchsserie wird für diagnostische Laboratorien weltweit angeboten. Unser Ringversuchskonzept entspricht der aktuellen Richtlinie der Bundesärztekammer zur Qualitätssicherung laboratoriumsmedizinischer Untersuchungen (RiLiBÄK), Teil B3, und basiert auf zwei Validierungsrunden pro Jahr (im Frühjahr und Herbst) unter einer permanent wachsenden Abdeckung der relevanten bakteriellen und fungalen humanpathogenen Erreger. Die entsprechenden Sets von Quality Control (QC)-Proben können dabei neben negativen Proben auch einige stark-positive Proben, Proben mit klinischen Varianten oder eng mit den Zielorganismen verwandte Spezies oder klinische Isolate enthalten. Weitergehende Informationen sowie die statistisch aufgearbeiteten und dokumentierten Ergebnisse der vergangenen Runden dieser Ringversuchsserie "Bakterien- und Pilzgenom-Nachweis (PCR/NAT)" können auf der Homepage von Instand e.V. (http://www.instandev.de) eingesehen werden. Obwohl die bevorzugte Sprache dieser Dokumente deutsch ist, streben wir an, zumindest eine kurze Diskussion der Ergebnisse sowie die wichtigsten wissenschaftlichen Aspekte in Englisch bereitzustellen und die Tabellen zweisprachig zu gestalten.
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: article
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