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  • 1
    ISSN: 1520-4804
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1520-510X
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1471-4159
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract: Some of the enzyme choline-O-acetyltransferase (ChAT) associated with central cholinergic nerve terminals appears to be nonionically associated with membranes. In the present study, we tested the possibility that some membrane-bound ChAT might be anchored to membranes by a phosphatidylinositol linkage by incubating rat hippocampal tissue with phospholipase C (PLC) from Bacillus cereus. The PLC selectively augmented the release of ChAT; also, the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-PLC inhibitor, zinc, blocked this increase in release. When control and PLC-treated hippocampal tissues were subjected to Triton X-114 phase separation, a procedure that separates amphiphilic from hydrophilic proteins, the detergent-soluble, membrane-bound fraction of tissue ChAT appeared to be the source of the ChAT released by PLC into the incubation medium. Zinc also blocked the temperature-dependent release of ChAT, but not lactic dehydrogenase, from hippocampal tissue. Extracellular membrane-bound ChAT appeared to be the source of the ChAT released by a low exogenous concentration of PLC, as well as that released by a temperature-dependent process during tissue incubation. Phosphatidylinositol-specific PLC from Bacillus thuringiensis released ChAT, but not lactic dehydrogenase, from a crude synaptosomal fraction prepared from rat hippocampal tissue. These results suggest that some of the membrane-bound ChAT in rat hippocampal tissue may be extracellular and anchored to the membrane by phosphatidylinositol, and also that an endogenous factor in hippocampal tissue may function to remove this extracellular ChAT from the membrane.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1572-817X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract The results of flashlamp pumping of the LiCaAIF6:Cr3+ (Cr:LiCAF) laser crystal are reported. We have so far obtained slope efficiencies as high as 1.55% in a close-coupled, diffusely reflecting cavity. Based on the measured insertion loss of the presently available material, we predict that an efficiency of about 4% will be obtained when low-loss material becomes available. This extrapolated efficiency is comparable with the performance of a high-quality alexandrite laser rod in the same apparatus.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-515X
    Keywords: alpine tundra ; methane ; trace gas
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Geosciences
    Notes: Abstract We measured CH4 fluxes from three major plant communities characteristic of alpine tundra in the Colorado Front Range. Plant communities in this ecosystem are determined by soil moisture regimes induced by winter snowpack distribution. Spatial patterns of CH4 flux during the snow-free season corresponded roughly with these plant communities. InCarex-dominated meadows, which receive the most moisture from snowmelt, net CH4 production occurred. However, CH4 production in oneCarex site (seasonal mean=+8.45 mg CH4 m−2 d−1) was significantly larger than in the otherCarex sites (seasonal means=−0.06 and +0.05 mg CH4 m−2 d−1). This high CH4 flux may have resulted from shallower snowpack during the winter. InAcomastylis meadows, which have an intermediate moisture regime, CH4 oxidation dominated (seasonal mean=−0.43 mg CH4 m−2 d−1). In the windsweptKobresia meadow plant community, which receive the least amount of moisture from snowmelt, only CH4 oxidation was observed (seasonal mean=−0.77 mg CH4 m−2 d−1). Methane fluxes correlated with a different set of environmental factors within each plant community. In theCarex plant community, CH4 emission was limited by soil temperature. In theAcomastylis meadows, CH4 oxidation rates correlated positively with soil temperature and negatively with soil moisture. In theKobresia community, CH4 oxidation was stimulated by precipitation. Thus, both snow-free season CH4 fluxes and the controls on those CH4 fluxes were related to the plant communities determined by winter snowpack.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [S.l.] : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    Journal of Applied Physics 66 (1989), S. 1051-1056 
    ISSN: 1089-7550
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: We have lased the new material, LiSrAlF6:Cr3+ (Cr3+:LiSAF). The single crystals were grown by the horizontal zone melting technique. The spectroscopic properties of Cr3+:LiSAF are similar to those of other low-field Cr3+-doped systems, although the emission cross section is strongly π polarized and is also somewhat larger than has been measured for other fluoride hosts. The free-running lasing wavelength of Cr3+:LiSAF is 825 nm, and the tuning range extends from at least 780 to 920 nm. Using Kr laser pumping, we obtained slope efficiencies of 36% and 14% by utilizing output couplings of 4.8% and 0.8%, respectively. On the basis of these results, the extrapolated maximum efficiency of 53% is determined, to be compared to the quantum defect-limited value of 78%. It is concluded that a moderate level of excited state absorption (ESA) loss is responsible for the reduced efficiency of the Cr3+:LiSAF system. This contrasts with the related results previously obtained for LiCaAlF6:Cr3+, where it was concluded that the effects of ESA were negligible [IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 2243 (1988)].
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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