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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Macromolecules 24 (1991), S. 4356-4363 
    ISSN: 1520-5835
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Macromolecules 23 (1990), S. 245-251 
    ISSN: 1520-5835
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    s.l. : American Chemical Society
    Analytical chemistry 62 (1990), S. 1592-1596 
    ISSN: 1520-6882
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: An earlier study on the linear dynamic properties of triblock copolymers was continued into the nonlinear property regime. Uniaxial tensile tests were performed on styrene-butadiene-styrene block copolymers. The three polymers, having polystyrene (PS) fractions 0.27, 0.29, and 0.48, also represented three molecular weights (0.49, 0.58, and 1.0 × 105). Specimens were prepared by casting from three solvents (methyl ethyl ketone, MEK; cyclohexane; and a 9:1 mixture of tetrahydrofuran and MEK). This wide range of variables led to a correspondingly wide spectrum of properties, including the “plastic-to-rubber” transition in some cases. Stress-strain curves were characterized by modulus, yield stress, general elevation, and fracture stress and elongation. Results were interpreted in terms of microstructural parameters obtained from the earlier linear tests, including interphase properties, and molecular features as well. Special insight emerged from comparison of first-cycle (to 300 percent elongation) and second-cycle tests, including changes in modulus, yielding, level, and the appearance of set. Additional data on sample preparation influences and PS continuity effects on sample properties were also obtained.
    Additional Material: 13 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 28 (1988), S. 341-359 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: A technique has been developed to prepare crosslinked, porous/asymmetric membranes from poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene). Mixtures of styrene monomer, divinylbenzene, benzoin (a photo-initiator), and some dead polystyrene are dissolved in a cosolvent and cast on a flat, transparent substrate. The coating is then irradiated with a UV lamp and subsequently phase separated by exposure to a nonsolvent bath. Pores are generated by phase separation induced by nonsolvent ingression. Crosslinking is achieved via the photo-initiated incorporation of divinylbenzene with styrene, while the membrane morphology evolves. A mechanism for the formation of crosslinked membranes prepared by this technique has been proposed. Experimental results systematically examine the effects of crosslinking and nonsolvent/solvent combinations on pore size and overall membrane structure. Temperature and solvent treatments on the finished membrane structure are also studied.
    Additional Material: 21 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bognor Regis [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0887-6266
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: In this note, scaling laws for rotational diffusivity of dilute monodisperse rigid-rod molecules (guest rods) in semidilute amorphous polymer solutions (host molecules) are derived. The coillike matrix molecules are modeled as a collection of flexibly connected rigid subunits. This allows an analogy with the Doi-Edwards theory for monodisperse rigid rods in semidilute solutions to be used in the analysis. Very strong dependencies are predicted for the rotational diffusivity of the rods on host polymer volume fraction and rod length. In semidilute polymer solutions the coils dramatically hinder the rotational freedom of the rods for r2 ≫ ψp-1, r being the rod aspect ratio and ψp the polymer volume fraction.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The incompressible lattice-gas model by ten Brinke and Karasz is adopted to introduce the effect of specific interactions into a recently-presented Monte-Carlobased lattice expression for the Helmholtz energy of nonrandom mixing. While the lattice remains incompressible, intermolecular forces consist of two types: London dispersion forces and specific (chemical) forces. The specific interactions between similar components, as well as those between dissimilar components, are incorporated in a systematic manner. Closed-loop temperature-composition phase diagrams are obtained. The theory is compared with experimental data for several binary systems, including polymer solutions, which exhibit closed-loop coexistence curves. Theoretical and experimental results are in good agreement.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 38 (1989), S. 915-922 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Uptake and removal of a second penetrant in polymer samples preexposed to another vapor dictate many industrially important processes. Both the kinetics and equilibrium sorption can be strongly affected by the presence of the first permeant in the polymeric matrices. A novel experimental setup was constructed to study penetrant uptake in sequence. Sorption of the second vapor took place while the partial vapor pressure of the first vapor was maintained, so that diffusion into the preswollen polymer approximated transport in a pseudobinary system. Polybutylene was chosen in this work to illustrate the capability of this versatile experimental system. Both the rate of diffusion and equilibrium sorption of the second vapor were found to depend on the prevailing composition of the preswollen polymer for all penetrant pairs studied.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 34 (1994), S. 965-974 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The effects of processing conditions on the morphology of molecular composite films are examined by optical and electron microscopy. During coagulation processing from solutions in methanesulfonic acid (MSA), rigid-rod polymer, such as poly(p-phenylenebenzobisoxazole) (PBO), phase separates into undesirable aggregates. The coagulant and the method of its introduction have been found to exert a strong impact on the final film morphology. A quench of a PBO solution in MSA into a water bath results in a three dimensional interconnected network of PBO, while a slower introduction of water results in a more amorphous material. A computer simulation program of the coagulation process has been developed to better understand the different structures emerging from coagulation processing of molecular composites. The simulation results are in qualitative agreement with the experimental observations.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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