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  • 1
    ISSN: 0178-515X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Abstract Different feeding strategies of galactose were employed to improve the production of anticoagulant, hirudin, by fed-batch mode of cultivation from recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The structural gene coding for hirudin was harboured with GAL10 promoter for controlled expression of hirudin and the MFα 1 signal sequence for secretion into the growth medium. A step-wise feeding of galactose was found as more suitable feeding strategy of galactose which resulted in the final hirudin volumetric productivity of 6,840 μg/l · h, than intermittent, continuous and ethanol controlled feeding of galactose. The final volumetric productivity of hirudin obtained by step-wise feeding of galactose was 3.88 fold higher compared with simple batch fermentation.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: yeast ; PMR1 ; Hansenula polymorpha ; Ca2+-ATPase ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: A gene homologous to Saccharomyces cerevisiae PMR1 has been cloned in the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha. The partial DNA fragment of the H. polymorpha homologue was initially obtained by a polymerase chain reaction and used to isolate the entire gene which encodes a protein of 918 amino acids. The putative gene product contains all ten of the conserved regions observed in P-type ATPases. The cloned gene product exhibits 60·3% amino acid identity to the S. cerevisiae PMR1 gene product and complemented the growth defect of a S. cerevisiae pmr1 null mutant in the EGTA-containing medium. The results demonstrate that the H. polymorpha gene encodes the functional homologue of the S. cerevisiae PMR1 gene product, a P-type Ca2+-ATPase. The DNA sequence of the H. polymorpha homologue has been submitted to GenBank with the Accession Number U92083. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0749-503X
    Keywords: α1-antitrypsin ; Saccharomyces cerevisiae ; Hansenula polymorpha ; Pichia pastoris ; glycosylation ; secretion ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Genetics
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Human α1-antitrypsin (α1-AT) is a major serine protease inhibitor in plasma, secreted as a glycoprotein with a complex type of carbohydrate at three asparagine residues. To study glycosylation of heterologous proteins in yeast, we investigated the glycosylation pattern of the human α1-AT secreted in the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in the methylotrophic yeasts, Hansenula polymorpha and Pichia pastoris. The partial digestion of the recombinant α1-AT with endoglycosidase H and the expression in the mnn9 deletion mutant of S. cerevisiae showed that the recombinant α1-AT secreted in S. cerevisiae was heterogeneous, consisting of molecules containing core carbohydrates on either two or all three asparagine residues. Besides the core carbohydrates, variable numbers of mannose outer chains were also added to some of the secreted α1-AT. The human α1-AT secreted in both methylotrophic yeasts was also heterogeneous and hypermannosylated as observed in S. cerevisiae, although the overall length of mannose outer chains of α1-AT in the methylotrophic yeasts appeared to be relatively shorter than those of α1-AT in S. cerevisiae. The α1-AT secreted from both methylotrophic yeasts retained its biological activity as an elastase inhibitor comparable to that of α1-AT from S. cerevisiae, suggesting that the different glycosylation profile does not affect the in vitro activity of the protein. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-6776
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Summary A heterologous gene from bloodsucking leech for anticoagulant, hirudin, has been expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha. The addition of 1%(v/v) soybean oil to the medium as a stabilizer enhanced the expression of the hirudin gene in H. polymorpha with MOX promoter. The production of hirudin in the medium with soybean oil was 320mg/L in a 5L fermenter.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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