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  • 1
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    German Medical Science GMS Publishing House; Düsseldorf
    In:  47. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft der Plastischen, Rekonstruktiven und Ästhetischen Chirurgen (DGPRÄC), 21. Jahrestagung der Vereinigung der Deutschen Ästhetisch-Plastischen Chirurgen (VDÄPC); 20160908-20160910; Kassel; DOC190 /20160927/
    Publication Date: 2016-09-27
    Keywords: ddc: 610
    Language: German
    Type: conferenceObject
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1437-160X
    Keywords: Key words Anti-endothelial cell antibody ; Systemic lupus erythematosus ; Disease activity
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract The aim of this study was to define the clinical associations of anti-endothelial cell antibody (AECA) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients by measuring serum AECA titers to correlate with the disease activity and clinical manifestations. Forty-one SLE patients and 27 controls were studied. Serum samples were collected at the time of patient presentation with disease exacerbation and 4 weeks after the start of treatment. The disease activity was evaluated by the SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI). AECA was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods with the surface antigen of the immortalized human microvascular endothelial cell line (HMEC-1). The mean immunoglobulin (Ig)G-AECA and IgM-AECA optical densities (ODs) were significantly higher in patients with SLE compared with controls [mean ± standard deviation (SD), 0.32 ± 0.15 vs 0.18 ± 0.16 and 0.29 ± 0.14 vs 0.21 ± 0.09, respectively]. There was a positive correlation between IgG-AECA and the SLEDAI scores. The positivity rate of AECA in the groups with digital vasculitis, neuropsychiatric lupus, and anti-cardiolipin antibody was significant. In conclusion, AECA may be involved in the pathogenesis of SLE and was correlated with the disease activity. It was also associated with clinical manifestations such as digital vasculitis, neuropsychiatric lupus, and anti-cardiolipin antibody positivity.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1437-160X
    Keywords: Key words Basal cell carcinoma ; Systemic sclerosis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract A 46-year-old man complained of pain and stiffness in both hands. Most of his fingertips were shortened, and Raynaud's phenomenon was evident. The skin on his face and hands was hard and taut. An ulcerating mass measuring 3.2 × 2.5 cm was found on his left infraorbital area. Biopsy revealed basal cell carcinoma. Antinuclear antibody and anti-topoisomerase I antibody were strongly positive. A high-resolution computed tomography (CT) scan of the lungs revealed interstitial fibrosis. Esophageal manometry showed low lower esophageal sphincter pressure and gastroesophageal reflux. Under the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma accompanying systemic sclerosis (SSc), surgical excision of the mass was performed, and immunosuppressant and vasodilator therapies were conducted.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1476-5535
    Keywords: Keywords: Salvia miltiorrhiza; Lamiaceae; Agrobacterium rhizogenes; hairy roots; lithospermic acid B; rosmarinic acid
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Hairy root cultures of Salvia miltiorrhiza were established by infecting sterile plantlets with Agrobacterium rhizogenes ATCC 15834, and the transformation was proved by direct detection of the inserted T-DNA by the polymerase chain reaction. As determined by HPLC, these hairy root cultures had the ability to produce lithospermic acid B (LAB), rosmarinic acid (RA) and other related phenolic compounds, the water-soluble active components of the plant. The effect of five different basal media, MS, MS-NH<INF>4</INF> (MS without ammonium nitrate), B5, WPM and 6,7-V on the root growth and phenolic compound production was studied. It was found that MS-NH<INF>4</INF> and 6,7-V media were superior to MS, B5 and WPM media in terms of both root growth and phenolic compound production. The time course of biomass accumulation and phenolic compound formation was also examined in the culture using MS-NH<INF>4</INF>medium. During cultivation, the content of RA in the roots was stable being approximately 0.48% of dry weight while the content of LAB fluctuated between 0.73% and 1.61% of dry weight, and decreased gradually at the stationary phase of growth. The highest production of LAB and RA was about 64 mg L−1 and 23 mg L−1, respectively.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1572-817X
    Keywords: photonic crystal ; self-organization ; transmission spectrum
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Three-dimensional polystyrene/air photonic crystal structure with different particle diameters: 200, 270 and 340 nm was achieved. Strong photonic band gap effect reflected with transmission minimum down to −16 dB was observed. The central wavelengths of the valleys of spectra were well fitted with theoretical calculation. The augmentation of band gap effect versus particle diameter was attributed to an improved self-assembling of particles. An analysis of transmission spectra is also presented. The agreement between the results of experiment and numerical analysis is good.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    ISSN: 1432-1351
    Keywords: Key words Hearing ; Sound localization ; Ear ; Eighth nerve ; Fish
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract This paper reports on directional response properties of saccular afferents of the sleeper goby, Dormitator latifrons, to 100-Hz acoustic particle motions with a focus on testing the hypothesis that the response directionality of a fish's auditory afferents derives from the morphological polarity of sensory hair cells in the otolithic organs. Spontaneous rates (SR) and best sensitivities (BS) of saccular afferents ranged from 0 to 162 spikes/sec and from 0.2- to 100-nm RMS displacement. SR did not vary with BS. Most saccular afferents were phase-locked to sinusoidal stimulation and had sustained temporal response patterns with some adaptation. All saccular afferents were directionally sensitive to the stimulus, and the sharpness of directional response curves was determined by a directionality index (DI). The DI ranged from 0.64 to 1.50 (mean=1.02, SE=0.02, n=100) and gradually decreased with stimulus level throughout afferents' response dynamic range. Many afferents had approximately symmetric directional response curves relative to their best response axes (BRA). BRA of most afferents remained constant with stimulus level. The BRA distribution had a peak along an axis that correlates closely with the morphological polarity of saccular hair cells. Therefore, our results strongly support the hypothesis.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1420-9039
    Keywords: 35K50 ; 35B20 ; 35B30 ; 35B40 ; Heat conduction ; continuous dependence ; decay estimate
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract Using an energy method we investigate the decay of end effects for a generalized heat conduction problem defined on a semi-infinite cylindrical region. With homogeneous Dirichlet conditions on the lateral surface of the cylinder it is shown that solutions either grow exponentially or decay exponentially in the distance from the finite end of the cylinder. The effect of perturbing the equation parameters is also investigated.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-0800
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Energy, Environment Protection, Nuclear Power Engineering , Medicine
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 9
    ISSN: 1432-0649
    Keywords: PACS: 42.60D; 42.81; 42.55
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract. A Ge-doped Raman fiber amplifier with enhanced signal-to-noise ratio is numerically analyzed using second Stokes control pulses. Inter-pulse noise power in the signal to be amplified is moved to the second Stokes pulse and therefore the signal-to-noise ratio for the amplified signal pulse is enhanced. The effects of different kinds of second Stokes pulse on the signal are reported.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 10
    ISSN: 1432-0649
    Keywords: PACS: 42.70.Hj; 42.55.Xi
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract. Optical absorption, emission spectra have been measured for polycrystalline Nd-doped Y3Al5O12 ceramics. Fluorescence lifetimes of 257.6 μs, 237.6 μs, 184.2 μs and 95.6 μs have been obtained for 0.6%, 1%, 2% and 4% neodymium-doped YAG ceramics, respectively. For the first time, highly efficient laser oscillation at 1064 nm has been obtained with this kind of ceramics. Slope efficiency of 53% has been achieved on a uncoated 4.8-mm thick 1% Nd:YAG ceramics sample. Optical to optical conversion efficiency is 47.6%. Laser oscillation has also been obtained with a 2% Nd:YAG ceramics. The optical properties and laser output results have been compared with that of Nd:YAG single crystal grown by the Czochralski method. Almost identical results have been achieved including laser experiments results. But fabrication of Nd:YAG ceramics is much easier compared to the single-crystal growth method. And also large size (now of about 400 mm diameter×5 mm is available) and high-concentration (>1%) Nd:YAG ceramics can be fabricated. The results show that this kind of Nd:YAG ceramics is a very good alternative to Nd:YAG single crystal.
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