Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Gonococcal porins (Por) from strains FA19 (Por-1, serogroup A), MS11 (Por-2, serogroup B) and FA6434 (Por-5, a hybrid porin containing epitopes from both serogroups), were expressed in Escherichia coli and purified under non-denaturing conditions. Porins were inserted into liposomes, and they were bound by monoclonal antibodies which bind native Por and intact gonococci, but not denatured Por. All three recombinant porins (rPor) were highly immunogenic in rabbits without additional adjuvant. The rPor antisera were specific for Por by Western blotting and whole-cell radioimmunoprecipitation and were broadly cross-reactive within serogroups. Post-immune, but not pre-immune, sera bound to intact gonococci, induced deposition of complement components C3 and C9 onto gonococcal membranes and increased association with and activation of human neutrophils. Gonococci were not killed in bactericidal assays, and there was no phagocytic killing with gonococci opsonized with recombinant antisera. Lack of killing in bactericidal assays was not caused by the presence of blocking antibodies to the outermembrane protein Rmp.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Oxford, UK : Blackwell Publishing Ltd
    Molecular microbiology 14 (1994), S. 0 
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The mechanism of iron utilization from transferrin has been most extensively characterized in the pathogenic Neisseria species and Haemophilus species. Two transferrin-binding proteins, Tbp1 and Tbp2, have been identified in these pathogens and are thought to be components of the transferrin receptor. Tbp1 appears to be an integral, TonB-dependent outer membrane protein while Tbp2, a lipoprotein, may be peripherally associated with the outer membrane. The relative contribution of each of these proteins to transferrin binding and utilization is discussed and a model of iron uptake from transferrin is presented. Sequence comparisons of the genes encoding neisserial transferrin-binding proteins suggest that they are probably under positive selection for variation and may have resulted from inter-species genetic exchange.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] An examination of the biology of the gonococcus suggested that there was an alternative mechanism to gene conversion for pilin antigenic variation. Piliated gonococci are naturally competent for DNA transformation throughout their life cycle9, and this process is dependent on homologous ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: FetA, the recently characterized gonococcal ferric enterobactin receptor, exhibited extremely rapid phase variation between high- and low-expression levels. The frequency of phase variation was ≈ 1.3% in both directions in gonococcal strain FA1090. FetA expression in the ‘high phase’ was significantly greater than the level of expression in the ‘low phase’. Expression levels correlated with the number of cytosine residues in a string of cytosines located close to the transcriptional start site for fetA between the putative −10 and −35 consensus sequences. Antibody production against FetA commonly occurs in infected patients, and we therefore hypothesize that phase variation reflects a balance between the advantages of being able to use a ferric siderophore as an iron source and evasion of the host immune response.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Iron, an essential nutrient for most microorganisms, is sequestered by the host to decrease the concentration of iron available to bacterial pathogens. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the causative agent of gonorrhoea, can acquire iron by direct interaction with human iron-binding proteins, including the serum glycoprotein, transferrin. Iron internalization from host transferrin requires the expression of a bacterial receptor, which specifically recognizes the human form of transferrin. Two gonococcal transferrin-binding proteins have been implicated in transferrin receptor function, TbpA and TbpB. We constructed a gonococcal transferrin receptor mutant without the introduction of additional antibiotic resistance markers and tested its ability to cause experimental urethritis in human male volunteers. The transferrin receptor mutant was incapable of initiating urethritis, although the same inoculum size of the wild-type parent strain, FA1090, causes urethritis in 〉90% of inoculated volunteers. To our knowledge, this is the first experimental demonstration that a bacterial iron acquisition system is an essential virulence factor for human infection.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The pathogenic Neisseria spp. are capable of iron utilization from host iron-binding proteins including transferrin and lactoferrin. Transferrin iron utilization is an energy-dependent, receptor-mediated event in which two identified transferrin-binding proteins participate. One of these proteins, TbpA, is homologous to the TonB-dependent family of outer membrane receptors that are required for high-affinity uptake of vitamin B12 and ferric siderophores. The ‘TonB box’ is a conserved domain near the amino-terminus of these proteins that has been implicated in interaction with TonB. Interaction between a periplasmic domain of TonB and the TonB box allows energy transduction to occur from the cytoplasmic membrane to the energy-dependent receptor in the outer membrane. We created a TonB box mutant of gonococcal TbpA and demonstrated that its binding and protease accessibility characteristics were indistinguishable from those of gonococcal Ton system mutants. The protease exposure of the second transferrin-binding protein, TbpB, was affected by the energization of TbpA, consistent with an interaction between these proteins. TbpB expressed by the de-energized mutants was readily accessible to protease, similar to TbpB expressed in the absence of TbpA. The de-energized mutants exhibited a marked decrease in transferrin diffusion rate, suggesting that receptor energization was necessary for ligand release. We propose a model to explain the observed Ton-dependent changes in the binding parameters and exposures of TbpA and TbpB.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Neisseria gonorrhoeae is able to utilize iron (Fe) from a variety of sources including transferrin (TF) and lactoferrin (LF). To gain insight into the molecular mechanisms used by gonococci to scavenge Fe from TF and LF, we cloned a 3.5 kb segment of wild-type DNA that repaired the defect in tlu mutants, which are unable to take up Fe from either TF or LF despite exhibiting apparently normal ligand binding to the receptor. Nucleotide sequence determination identified three open reading frames (ORFs), designated ORF1, ORF2, and ORF3, which were arranged in tandem. The deduced amino acid sequence of the 852 bp ORF1 encoded a 28 kDa protein that exhibited 26–32% identity with TonB proteins of nine other bacteria. The 663 bp ORF2 predicted a 24 kDa protein and the 435 bp long ORF3 predicted a 15 kDa protein. These predicted protein sequences exhibited 32–38% and 24–36% identity, respectively, with ExbB and ExbD proteins of three other bacteria. Thus, the sequence comparison identified the ORF1, ORF2 and ORF3 as gonococcal homologues of the E. coli tonB, exbB and exbD genes. An insertional mutation in the tonB homologue resulted in the failure of gonococci to grow with TF, LF or human haemoglobin (HB) as sole Fe sources and in the inability to take up 55Fe from TF and LF. The tonB mutation did not prevent the utilization of Fe from citrate (CT) or haemin (HM). Binding of TF, LF and HB to whole cells in a solid-phase binding assay was largely unaffected by the tonB mutation. We conclude that the pathways for utilization of Fe bound to TF, LF and HB but not to HM or CT were dependent on the TonB system.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    [s.l.] : Nature Publishing Group
    Nature 271 (1978), S. 242-244 
    ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Archives 1869 - 2009
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
    Notes: [Auszug] Sarubbi et a/.2 have shown that env mutants are at least four times more sensitive to erythromycin, fusidic acid, crystal violet (CV) and Triton X-100 (Trx) than are wild-type strains. Accordingly, we determined the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) to erythromycin for all isolates, using an ...
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: All isolates of Neisseria gonorrhoeae express receptors that bind human transferrin (Tf). Although lactoferrin (Lf) is abundant on mucosa and in purulent exudates, many gonococci do not express an Lf receptor. The naturally occurring Lf receptor deletion mutant FA1090 (LbpB–LbpA–) is infectious, but a Tf receptor mutant of FA1090 is unable to infect male volunteers [Cornelissen, C.N., Kelley, M., Hobbs, M.M., Anderson, J.E., Cannon, J.G., Cohen, M.S., and Sparling, P.F. (1998) Mol Microbiol 27: 611–616]. Here, we report that expression of an Lf receptor in the absence of the Tf receptor was sufficient for infection, and that expression of both Lf and Tf receptors resulted in a competitive advantage over a strain that made only the Tf receptor in mixed infection of male volunteers. We confirmed that nearly 50% of clinical isolates do not make an Lf receptor. Surprisingly, about half of geographically diverse Lf – isolates representing many different auxotypes and porin serovars carried an identical lbpB lbpA deletion. Among Lf+ strains, all produced the integral outer membrane protein LbpA, but 70% did not express the lipoprotein LbpB. Thus, there are apparently selective pressures for expression of the Lf receptor in the male urethra that are balanced by others against expression of the Lf receptor in niches other than the male urethra.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Neisseria meningitidis FAM20 has recently been shown to produce two Fe-regulated proteins (FrpA and FrpC) related to the RTX family of cytotoxins. Here we report the cloning and DNA sequence of the locus containing the gene encoding the larger meningococcal RTX protein FrpC. FrpC was highly similar to FrpA throughout much of the predicted protein, with two main differences. Whereas the FrpA protein had 13 copies of the nine-amino-acid repeat units typical of RTX proteins, FrpC had 43 copies. The additional copies in FrpC apparently arose from a threefold tandem amplification of a 600bp DNA fragment encoding the repeats. In addition, the frpC gene lacked good promoter consensus sequences. An open reading frame (0RF1) of unknown function was found immediately upstream of frpC, suggesting the possibility that frpC was cotranscribed with ORF1. A probable promoter was found 300 bp upstream of ORF1, and it contained a Fur protein-binding sequence found in the promoters of Fe-regulated Escherichia coli genes. DNA upstream of the ORF 1/frpC promoter was homologous to IStO76-like elements surrounding capsulation loci of strains of Haemophilus influenzae. A FrpC-like protein (reactive in immunoblots with monoclonal antibody 9D4; multiple reactive bands of about 200 to 120kDa) was found in five out of eight meningococcal strains but only in one out of 14 other Neisseria, suggesting that FrpC may participate in the pathogenesis of meningococcal disease.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...