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  • 1
    ISSN: 1520-6882
    Source: ACS Legacy Archives
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-6134
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Collisionally activated decomposition mass spectra of M-. ions of azo dyes are presented. The compounds are of general structure Ar(1)—N=N—Ar(2), where Ar(1) is substituted phenyl and Ar(2) is 2-naphthol. Characteristic fragment ions observed include m/z 157, which corresponds to the 2-naphthol substituent with cleavage of the —N=N— bond represented as [Ar(2) - N]-.. Ion of general structure [Ar(1)- NH]- are also observed. Parent ion scans of m/z 157 provide a potential screening technique for 2-naphthol-containing axo dyes. Specific results are reported for the chloroform extract of FD&C Red #8, and capillary gas chromatographic introduction is compared with direct exposure probe introduction for the identification of dyes.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0030-493X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Mass spectral studies of some chlorinated aromatic pesticidal compounds are reported. The compounds studied include substituted diphenyl derivatives of methane, ethene and methanol.The diphenylmethanes are characterized by a relatively intense peak at m/e 165. Comparison of their low voltage spectra with 9-dichloromethylfluorene indicates that this ion has a fluorenyl ion structure.The structure of the base peak (m/e 246) of the diphenylethenes was investigated by comparing competitive metastable transitions with 9-dichloromethylenefluorene and utilizing defocusing metastables. Additional studies of model compounds suggest that the m/e 246 ion is very complex and is probably comprised of a number of structures.The mass spectra of the diphenylmethanols are significantly different from the other two groups. The hydroxyl group markedly affects the fragmentation process for these compounds; the characteristic peak is presumably the chlorobenzoyl ion and is probably precursor for other fragment ions.Mass spectral correlations of pesticidal compounds of similar structure are needed to obtain enough background to facilitate interpretation of the mass spectra of their metabolites. Furthermore, such studies make feasible the identification of characteristic product ions formed by rearrangement processes during ionization of organic molecules in the gas phase. This information can be a nucleus for correlating the other significant mass spectral data of an unknown compound. Intensive studies of carbamates,1 organophosphorus2 and bridged polycyclic chlorinated pesticidal3 compounds were invaluable in identifying metabolites of the aforementioned pesticides.4,5,6 The compounds in this Work are chlorinated aromatic pesticidal compounds which consist of a diphenylemthane, a diphenylethylene, or a diphenylmethanol structure. The compounds p,ṕ-DDE were briefly discussed by Jorg, Houriet and Spiteller.7 The compounds examined are listed in Table 1.Treatment of data. The mass spectra of the pesticides are presented as bar graphs in Figs 1 to 12 It a metastable peak is observed, the metastable transition is indicated by m* on the figures and also by (m*) when confirmed or identified using the defocusing technique.8 Since the relative abundances of the metastable peaks for these compounds are very small (〈0.1%) on special effort was made to establish their presence unless they wre pertinent.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0887-6134
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The electron impact (EI) mass spectra of 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT) and certain of its alteration products are described in detail. Accurate mass measurements confirm the elemental compositions of important fragment ions in the EI spectra. Collisionally activated mass spectra are also used to study fragmentation and suggest common ion structures. The reference spectra provide the basis for identifying various alteration products of BHT by capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) without the necessity of isolating individual components. Application of GC/MS is made to three studies: (i) pyrolysis of hydroperoxy-BHT as a potential pathway to alteration products in food; (ii) GC/MS pyrolysis of hydroperoxy-BHT as a model study; and (iii) alteration of BHT in ethanol/water as a food-simulating solvent.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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