Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Extracellular matrices (ECMs) of phylogenetically very distant organisms were tested for their ability to support cell adhesion, spreading and DNA replication in reciprocal xenograft adhesion tests. Mechanically dissociated cells of the medusa Podocoryne carnea (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) were seeded on ECMs of polyps and medusa, and on several ECM glycoproteins or entire ECMs from vertebrates. In reciprocal experiments, cells from different vertebrate cell-lines were seeded on ECMs of polyps, medusae and also on electrophoresed and blotted extracts of both types of ECMs. The results demonstrate that medusa cells adhere and spread on polyp and medusa ECMs but do not recognize vertebrate ECMs or purified ECM glycoproteins. Vertebrate cells in contrast adhere, spread and proliferate on ECMs of polyps and medusae. The number of attached cells depends on the cell type, the type of ECM and, in certain cases, on the stage of the cell cycle. Cell adhesion experiments with pretreated ECMs of polyps and medusae, e.g. oxidation of carbohydrate residues with sodium-metaperiodate, or blocking of certain carbohydrate moieties with the lectin wheat germ agglutinin or a carbohydrate-specific monoclonal antibody, demonstrate that ECM carbohydrates are more important for cell-ECM interactions of medusa cells than for vertebrate cells. Furthermore, the experiments indicate that polyp and medusa ECMs contain different components which strongly modulate adhesion, spreading and DNA replication of vertebrate cells.
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