Key words Nonenzymatically glycated albumin
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract Diabetic mice (6 weeks duration) were studied to assess the interaction of advanced glycation endproduct-modifed albumin (AGE-Alb) with micro- and macrovascular endothelium, and to evaluate the alterations induced in the ultrastructure of the lung, kidney, and aorta. [125I]-AGE-Alb and AGE-Alb-Au were perfused in situ in the vasculature; the total uptake was quantitated by spectrometry, and the endothelial pathways of AGE-Alb-Au and the morphological alterations of the vascular beds were examined by electron microscopy. The results showed that [125I]-AGE-Alb (0.567 µM) was taken up specifically and saturably by all organs studied, and particularly by the lung. AGE-Alb-Au endocytosis and transcytosis occurred in the pulmonary and aortic endothelia, and were enhanced in diabetic animals. Also in diabetic animals, AGE-Alb-Au was detected throughout the kidney glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and within open filtration slits of podocytes, suggesting altered barrier function. The structural modifications progressed, and at the end of the experimental period, in the lung ∼28% of the capillaries and ∼25% of the alveoli became compressed or even collapsed, due to the hyperplasia of extracellular matrix and interstitial connective tissue. The presence of adherent intravascular macrophages suggests the development of an inflammatory immune process. The structural modifications observed in kidney glomeruli included thickening (∼30%) of the GBM and the disappearance of diaphragms between the cellular processes of podocytes. The aortic endothelium displayed luminal foldings, increased number (2.8-fold) of Weibel-Palade bodies, and proliferation of basal lamina. Together, the results show that in diabetes there is enhanced vascular uptake of AGE-Alb and significant pathomorphological changes of micro- and macrovessels.
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