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  • 1
    ISSN: 1574-6968
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Using a mini-Tn5lacZ1 reporter transposon, lacZ fusions have been identified in Proteus mirabilis that are activated by the accumulation of self-produced extracellular signals. Genes identified by this approach include putative homologs of pgm, nlpA and two genes of unknown function. The extracellular signal(s) involved in activation were resistant to the effects of acid and alkali. The signal required for activation of (nlpA) cma482::lacZ was sensitive to protease, suggesting the signal is a peptide or small protein. The signals behaved as polar molecules and were not extractable with ethyl acetate. A mini-Tn5Cm insertion was identified in a probable ptsI homolog that blocked activation of the cma134::lacZ fusion by an extracellular signal. The ptsI mutation did not alter extracellular signal production and may have a role in signal response.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2958
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: In a search for Proteus mirabilis genes that were regulated by cell-to-cell signalling, a lacZ fusion (cmr437::mini-Tn5lacZ) was identified that was repressed 10-fold by a self-produced extracellular signal from wild-type cells. However, the cmr437::mini-Tn5lacZ insertion itself led to a marked reduction in this extracellular repressing signal. The cmr437::mini-Tn5lacZ insertion was mapped to a speA homologue in P. mirabilis. Sequence analysis indicated that a speB homologue was encoded downstream of speA. Products of the SpeA and SpeB enzymes (agmatine and putrescine) were tested for repression of cmr437::lacZ. Agmatine did not have repressing activity. However, putrescine was an effective repressing molecule at concentrations down to 30 µM. A second prominent phenotype of the cmr437 (speA)::mini-Tn5lacZ insertion was a severe defect in swarming motility. This swarming defect was also observed in a strain containing a disruption of the downstream speB gene. Differentiation of the speB mutant to swarmer cells was delayed by two hours relative to wild-type cells. Furthermore, the speB mutant was unable to migrate effectively across agar surfaces and formed very closely spaced swarming rings. Exogenous putrescine restored both the normal timing of swarmer cell differentiation and the ability to migrate to speB mutants.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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