Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 2306: A Topology Control with Energy Balance in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks for IoT-Based Application Sensors doi: 10.3390/s18072306 Authors: Zhen Hong Xiaoman Pan Ping Chen Xianchuang Su Ning Wang Wenqi Lu As part of the IoT-based application, underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSN), which are typically self-organized heterogeneous wireless network, are one of the research hot-spots using various sensors in marine exploration and water environment monitoring application fields, recently. Due to the serious attenuation of radio in water, acoustic or hybrid communication is a usual way for transmitting information among nodes, which dissipates much more energy to prevent the network failure and guarantee the quality of service (QoS). To address this issue, a topology control with energy balance, namely TCEB, is proposed for UWSN to overcome time-delay and other interference, as well as make the entire network load balance. With the given underwater network model and its specialized energy consumption model, we introduce the non-cooperative-game-based scheme to select the nodes with better performance as the cluster-heads. Afterwards, the intra-cluster and inter-cluster topology construction are, respectively, to form the effective communication links of the intra-cluster and inter-cluster, which aim to build energy-efficient topology to reduce energy consumption. With the demonstration of the simulation, the results show the proposed TCEB has better performance on energy-efficiency and throughput than three other representative algorithms in complex underwater environments.
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