Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Proceed order?

Export
Filter
  • 1
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In an open, multicentre evaluation carried out in Brazil, Canada and South Africa we have demonstrated that fluconazole 8 mg kg−1 once weekly is effective in tinea capitis caused by Trichophyton and Microsporum species. There were 61 children, aged (mean ± SE) 5·0 ± 0·3 years; weight (mean ± 5·6) 20·0 ± 0·9 kg; 41 males, 20 females; one Asian, 57 Black, one Caucasian and two Hispanic. The organisms were Trichophyton violaceum (33 patients), T. tonsurans (11) and Microsporum canis (17). The extent of tinea capitis at pretherapy was: mild (18 patients), moderate (30) and severe (13). Patients with tinea capitis due to Trichophyton species were initially treated for 8 weeks with an extra 4 weeks of fluconazole if clinically indicated. All 44 patients with tinea capitis due to Trichophyton species were completely cured (clinically and mycologically) when evaluated 8 weeks after completion of active treatment, following 8 weeks of once weekly dosing in 35 patients and 12 weeks of once weekly dosing in nine patients. In Microsporum canis tinea capitis, an extra 4 weeks was administered at week 12 in patients where it was clinically indicated at the time. Sixteen of 17 patients with M. canis tinea capitis were completely cured (clinically and mycologically) when evaluated 8 weeks following the end of treatment when given for 8, 12 and 16 weeks in 12, one and three patients, respectively. Overall, complete cure (clinical and mycological) occurred in 60 of 61 patients at follow-up 8 weeks from the end of therapy. The duration of once weekly fluconazole in the 60 patients was 8 weeks (47 patients), 12 weeks (10 patients) and 16 weeks (three patients), respectively. Clinical adverse effects consisted of a mild, reversible gastrointestinal complaint in three (4·9%) of 61 children. A laboratory abnormality with elevated liver function tests was observed in one (5·9%) of 17 patients; this was asymptomatic, and reversible. No patient discontinued therapy. The data suggest that once weekly fluconazole dosing is effective, safe and associated with high compliance when used to treat tinea capitis.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: There is some controversy about the prevalence of onychomycosis in patients with psoriasis compared to non-psoriatics. We therefore measured the prevalence of toenail onychomycosis in psoriatics and non-psoriatics attending dermatologists'offices. None of the patients had a referring diagnosis of onychomycosis. The prevalence of pedal onychomycosis in psoriatics (n = 561) was 13%. The odds of patients with psoriasis having onychomycosis was 56% greater than non- psoriatics of the same age and sex (P= 0·02). In the psoriatics, when the toenails were clinically abnormal, the prevalence of onychomycosis was 27%. The odds of developing onychomycosis increased with age (P 〈 0·0001) and the odds of men developing onychomycosis was 2·5 times that of women (P= 0·0001). The duration of psoriasis did not significantly affect the odds of developing onychomycosis. The fungal organisms recovered from psoriasis subjects with onychomycosis were similar to those in the normal population with onychomycosis (P = 0·58).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Fifty-five strains, either authentic or ex-type, of seven Malassezia species were investigated for in vitro susceptibility to various concentrations (0·03–64·0 µg/mL) of three azole drugs, ketoconazole, voriconazole and itraconazole, as well as the allylamine terbinafine, using the agar dilution method. All strains of the seven Malassezia species were susceptible to the three azole drugs at low concentrations. M. furfur, M. sympodialis, M. slooffiae, M. pachydermatis, M. globosa, M. obtusa and M. restricta were most sensitive to ketoconazole and itraconazole, with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) ranging from ≤ 0·03 to 0·125 μg/mL. The recently introduced antifungal, voriconazole, was also very effective, with MIC80 values ≤ 0·03 μg/mL for 80% of strains. MICs of terbinafine against the seven Malassezia species ranged from ≤ 0·03 to 64·0 μg/mL. There were variations in susceptibility of the seven Malassezia species to ketoconazole, voriconazole, itraconazole and terbinafine. Strains of M. furfur, M. globosa and M. obtusa were more tolerant to terbinafine than the remaining Malassezia species; M. sympodialis was highly susceptible. M. furfur strains tested with terbinafine ranged from highly susceptible to relatively resistant. Correct identification of Malassezia species could facilitate selection of appropriate antifungal therapy.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 1365-2133
    Source: Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: In an open multicentre study we have demonstrated that itraconazole pulse therapy, 5 mg/kg per day, is effective and safe in the management of tinea capitis in 10 children (seven boys, three girls, mean age: 6.6 years, age range 4–11 years). The causative organisms were Trichophyton tonsurans (six cases), T. violaceum (two cases), T. soudanense (one case) and Microsporum gypseum (one case). Each pulse of drug therapy lasted 1 week with 2 weeks off between consecutive pulses. One, two and three pulses produced complete, clinical and mycological, cure in one, six and three patients, respectively. The children tolerated the treatment well and there were no clinical or laboratory adverse effects. This 1-week pulse therapy regimen resulted in a high degree of compliance. The preliminary results of this study are promising and need to be evaluated in a larger sample of patients.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...