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  • 1
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: chiral HPLC ; quantitative substituent effect ; recognition mechanism ; fluorene derivative-chiral separation ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The chromatographic parameters for 12 structurally related compounds in the 4a-methyl-2,3,4,4a-tetrahydro-1H-fluorene and 4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydro-fluoren-9-one series are reported on CTA-I and Chiralcel OJ chiral stationary phases. Arrangement of the k' values according to configurationally related enantiomer series (Class I and Class II) and not according to the actual order of elution, allows the treatment of the data by linear correlation with structure and substituent effect. A detailed analysis of the capacity factor variation with respect to the structural changes shows clearly that the framework and substitution effects do not result in the same response on the two cellulose ester chiral stationary phases. More interestingly, it emerges that chiral discimination may be attributed to certain areas of the molecule, these areas being different in the interaction within CTA-I and Chiralcel OJ. Furthermore, our analysis points out the relevance of attempting to develop quantitative relationships for configurationally related series of enantiomers (in our case Class I and Class II), the main effort being devoted to the understanding of the capacity factor variation in each class rather than of the α values, which are derived entities. Chirality 10:522-527, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1434-193X
    Keywords: Atropisomerism ; Conformation analysis ; Liquid chromatography ; Chiral resolution ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---A series of bis(oxo/thioxothiazolinyl) aromatic atropisomers with two chiral C(aryl)-N(heterocycle) axes was synthesized. The separation of antiparallel, parallel diastereomers was achieved by chromatography on silica. Conformational assignment for the bis-thione atropisomers 1a,b-4a,b and bis-one atropisomers 9a,b-12a,b was based on polarimetric results in analytical chiral chromatography on microcrystalline cellulose triacetate. The relationship conformation-1H NMR chemical shifts, found for the bis-thiones and bis-ones was successfully applied for the conformational assignment of thione-one atropisomers not assigned by chiral liquid chromatography.
    Additional Material: 3 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: chiral HPLC ; principal component analysis (PCA) ; hierarchical clustering ; hydrogen bonding ability ; solvation of carbamate phases ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Chromatographic resolution of 12 derivatives in the 4a-methyl-2,3,4,4a-tetrahydro-1H-fluorene and 4a-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,9a-hexahydrofluoren-9-one series differing by the framework around position 9 and substitution in position 6, are reported on Chiralcel OD, Chiralpak AD, and Chiralpak AS under two elution conditions and according to the two classes of enantiomers. Results from principal component analysis (PCA) as well as hierarchical clustering show a clustering of the actual compounds depending on properties around position 9, the effect of the substituent in position 6 (methyl, chloro or fluoro) not being strong enough to intermesh the data. Carbamate phases show very different properties when they are used in the separation of a series of ketones C and α-chloroketones D, which differ in basicity and the steric requirement around the carbonyl. Analysis of the effect of 2-PrOH content in hexane on the retention is consistent with a large difference in solvation of the carbamate moiety by 2-PrOH, in the order Chiralcel OD > Chiralpak AD > Chiralpak AS. 4a-Methyl-2,3,4,4a-tetrahydro-1H-fluorene derivatives, which lack hydrogen bonding sites, are not discriminated on these CSPs and show identical k′ responses to 2-PrOH content changes on the three CSPs. Chirality 10:770-777, 1998. © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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