Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) are known to be associated with cardiomyopathy. Systolic and diastolic left ventricular functions were assessed by M-mode and Doppler echocardiography in four patients with MELAS and in 14 normal controls. The interventricular septal thickness and left ventricular posterior wall thickness were greater (11.0±1.6 mm vs. 5.8±0.7 mm and 11.0±2.2 mm vs. 5.9±0.8 mm) in patients with MELAS than in a control group. Parameters of systolic left ventricular functions (ejection fraction, shortening fraction, systolic time intervals, and mean Vcf) and left ventricular dimensions were not significantly different between the two groups. To assess the diastolic function, blood flow velocity across the mitral valve was measured by Doppler echocardiography and various indexes were obtained. In patients with MELAS, the impairment of diastolic left ventricular filling was demonstrated by decrease in the following indexes: peak flow velocity in the early passive filling period (E) (0.76±0.10 m/s vs. 0.94±0.09 m/s), integrated velocity for total E (10.2±1.3 vs. 13.0±0.9), the ratio of E and late atrial filling integrated velocities (1.72±0.06 vs. 2.49±0.29).
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